The Liquid Metal Battery (LMB), a promising energy-storage device that contains liquid-metal interior, is studied numerically in the paper. The metal pad roll instability was modeled based on the open-source CFD software, OpenFOAM. It's based on the solver for simulations of incompressible multiphase flows multiphaseInterFoam modified to include the electromagnetic fields and account for the sharp variations of the electrical conductivity.
The data and the scripts are to show that seizure onset dynamics and evoked responses change over the progression of epileptogenesis defined in this intrahippocampal tetanus toxin rat model. All tests explored in this study can be repeated with the data and scripts included in this repository. and Dataset citation: Crisp, D.N., Cheung, W., Gliske, S.V., Lai, A., Freestone, D.R., Grayden, D.B., Cook, MJ., Stacey, W.C. (2019). Epileptogenesis modulates spontaneous and responsive brain state dynamics [Data set]. University of Michigan Deep Blue Data Repository. https://doi.org/10.7302/r6vg-9658
This data and scripts are meant to test and show seizure differentiation based on bifurcation theory. A zip file is included which contains real and simulated seizure waveforms, Matlab scripts, and metadata. The matlab scripts allow for visual review validation and objective feature analysis. The file “README.txt” provides more detail about each individual file within the zip file. and Data citation: Crisp, D.N., Saggio, M.L., Scott, J., Stacey, W.C., Nakatani, M., Gliske, S.F., Lin, J. (2019). Epidynamics: Navigating the map of seizure dynamics - Code & Data [Data set]. University of Michigan Deep Blue Data Repository. https://doi.org/10.7302/ejhy-5h41
Manganese in the sedimentary record has been interpreted by many as a powerful redox proxy for paleoenvironments, and yet very little work has been done to ensure that the manganese-rich minerals in the rock record are actually recording primary signals. In the accompanying manuscript, we present an in-depth characterization of the manganese mineralogy from two correlated regions recording the Transvaal Supergroup in South Africa with markedly different alteration histories to investigate if there can be post-depositional emplacement of manganese-rich minerals. The data uploaded here are X-ray absorption spectra of (1) manganese standard minerals that were useful in our analyses and (2) minerals from an important well-characterized sample that may be useful as comparative standards in future studies.
The work on accelerating authenticated boot for embedded system resulted in designing an algorithm in python to perform the random address generation and cryptographic MAC calculation.
The Sampled Boot schemes implemented in this package allow a significant reduction of the time
needed to authenticate firmware images during startup, while still retaining a high degree of trust.
This is particularly useful for automotive applications in which startup time constraints make secure boot a time prohibitive process. and Citation for this dataset: Nasser, A., Gumise, W. (2019). Authenticated Boot Acceleration Algorithm [Code and data]. University of Michigan Deep Blue Data Repository. https://doi.org/10.7302/yeh1-1x17
The NASA MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution) spacecraft, which is currently in orbit around Mars, has been taking monthly measurements of the speed and direction of the winds in the upper atmosphere of Mars between about 140 to 240 km above the surface. The observed wind speeds and directions change with time and location, and sometimes fluctuate quickly. These measurements are compared to simulations from a computer model of the Mars atmosphere called M-GITM (Mars Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model), developed at U. of Michigan. This is the first comparison between direct measurements of the winds in the upper atmosphere of Mars and simulated winds and is important because it can help to inform us what physical processes are acting on the observed winds. Some wind measurements have similar wind speeds or directions to those predicted by the M-GITM model, but sometimes, there are large differences between the simulated and measured winds. The disagreements between wind observations and model simulations suggest that processes other than normal solar forcing may become relatively more important during these observations and alter the expected circulation pattern. Since the global circulation plays a role in the structure, variability, and evolution of the atmosphere, understanding the processes that drive the winds in the upper atmosphere of Mars provides key context for understanding how the atmosphere behaves as a whole system.
A basic version of the M-GITM code can be found on Github as follows:
and About 30 Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer (NGIMS) wind campaigns (of 5 to 10 orbits each) have been conducted by the MAVEN team (Benna et al., 2019). Five of these campaigns are selected for detailed study (Roeten et al. 2019). The Mars conditions for these five campaigns have been used to launch corresponding M-GITM code simulations, yielding 3-D neutral wind fields for comparison to these NGIMS wind observations. The M-GITM datacubes used to extract the zonal and meridional neutral winds, along the trajectory of each orbit path between 140 and 240 km, are provided in this Deep Blue Data archive. README files are provided for each datacube, detailing the contents of each file. A general README file is also provided that summarizes the inputs and outputs of the M-GITM code simulations for this study.
This collection represents various raw data and analysis of cores extracted during the November 2008 mission of R/V Melville in the Santa Barbara Basin., The core included is the jumbo piston core MV0811-14JC. Core photos, physical properties and magnetic susceptibility from the multisensor track (MST), and the scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data are included in the collection., and Cruise DOI: 10.7284/903459
The research is funded by NSF OCE-1304327.
The relationship between words in a sentence often tell us more about the underlying semantic content of a document than its actual words, individually. Recent publications in the natural language processing arena, more specifically using word embeddings, try to incorporate semantic aspects into their word vector representation by considering the context of words and how they are distributed in a document collection. In this work, we propose two novel algorithms, called Flexible Lexical Chain II and Fixed Lexical Chain II that combine the semantic relations derived from lexical chains, prior knowledge from lexical databases, and the robustness of the distributional hypothesis in word embeddings into a single decoupled system. In short, our approach has three main contributions: (i) unsupervised techniques that fully integrate word embeddings and lexical chains; (ii) a more solid semantic representation that considers the latent relation between words in a document; and (iii) lightweight word embeddings models that can be extended to any natural language task. Knowledge-based systems that use natural language text can benefit from our approach to mitigate ambiguous semantic representations provided by traditional statistical approaches. The proposed techniques are tested against seven word embeddings algorithms using five different machine learning classifiers over six scenarios in the document classification task. Our results show that the integration between lexical chains and word embeddings representations sustain state-of-the-art results, even against more complex systems.
This collection represents various raw data and analysis of cores extracted during the January 2009 mission of the research vessel Sproul in the Santa Barbara Basin., Cores included: box core SPR0901-04BC, box core SPR0901-unnamed, and Kasten core SPR0901-03KC. Core photos, physical properties and magnetic susceptibility from the multisensor track (MST), and the scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data are included in the collection., and Cruise DOI: 10.7284/901089
This research is funded by NSF-OCE 0752093.
Estimated phylogenetic relationships based on more than 18,000 loci in 93 individuals (full data) or 21 individuals (subset data) representing 19 described species and two putative undescribed species. Nine files are part of this dataset, including all input files to infer the phylogenetic reconstructions and the outputs obtained, in addition to a pruned tree used to infer the ancestral state reconstructions.