The NASA MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution) spacecraft, which is currently in orbit around Mars, has been taking monthly measurements of the speed and direction of the winds in the upper atmosphere of Mars between about 140 to 240 km above the surface. The observed wind speeds and directions change with time and location, and sometimes fluctuate quickly. These measurements are compared to simulations from a computer model of the Mars atmosphere called M-GITM (Mars Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model), developed at U. of Michigan. This is the first comparison between direct measurements of the winds in the upper atmosphere of Mars and simulated winds and is important because it can help to inform us what physical processes are acting on the observed winds. Some wind measurements have similar wind speeds or directions to those predicted by the M-GITM model, but sometimes, there are large differences between the simulated and measured winds. The disagreements between wind observations and model simulations suggest that processes other than normal solar forcing may become relatively more important during these observations and alter the expected circulation pattern. Since the global circulation plays a role in the structure, variability, and evolution of the atmosphere, understanding the processes that drive the winds in the upper atmosphere of Mars provides key context for understanding how the atmosphere behaves as a whole system.
A basic version of the M-GITM code can be found on Github as follows:
and About 30 Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer (NGIMS) wind campaigns (of 5 to 10 orbits each) have been conducted by the MAVEN team (Benna et al., 2019). Five of these campaigns are selected for detailed study (Roeten et al. 2019). The Mars conditions for these five campaigns have been used to launch corresponding M-GITM code simulations, yielding 3-D neutral wind fields for comparison to these NGIMS wind observations. The M-GITM datacubes used to extract the zonal and meridional neutral winds, along the trajectory of each orbit path between 140 and 240 km, are provided in this Deep Blue Data archive. README files are provided for each datacube, detailing the contents of each file. A general README file is also provided that summarizes the inputs and outputs of the M-GITM code simulations for this study.
Roeten, K. J., S. W. Bougher, M. Benna, P. R. Mahaffy, Y. Lee, D. Pawlowski, F. Gonzalez-Galindo, M. Lopez-Valverde, MAVEN/NGIMS thermospheric neutral wind observations: Interpretation using the M-GITM general circulation Model, J. Geophysical Research, submitted (2019)
This is the flora-fauna lexical material obtained in the course of more general lexical and grammatical fieldwork on languages of central-eastern Mali (Dogon, Songhay, Bangime, Bozo). The spreadsheets in this work, duplicated in xlsx and csv formants, present our flora-fauna lexicons as of early 2019 for many languages of central-eastern Mali, and certain languages of southwestern Burkina Faso. The Malian data is in two spreadsheets (flora, fauna), while the Burkina data is in separate spreadsheets for flora, birds, fish, insects, lizards and snakes, and mammals. Please begin with the “readme” document.
Moran, Steven & Forkel, Robert & Heath, Jeffrey (eds.) 2016. Dogon and Bangime Linguistics. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. https://dogonlanguages.org Christfried Naumann & Tom Güldemann & Steven Moran & Guillaume Segerer & Robert Forkel (eds.) 2015. Tsammalex: A lexical database on plants and animals. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. https://tsammalex.clld.org
Our project, mainly on Dogon languages of Mali, has branched out to Burkina Faso with emphasis on documentation of the most endangered languages. Tiefo-N was studied on an emergency basis since it was down to two aging competent speakers. For additional comments and links to a reference grammar, see the readme file.
The work on the Bangime language, spoken by the Bangande people, was carried out as part of a larger linguistic fieldwork project focused on Dogon languages. Bangime is confirmed as a language isolate with no demonstrable linguistic relatives—possibly the only such isolate in West Africa.
Jalkunan is an endangered language of the Mande family, spoken in the village cluster of Blédougou in southwestern Burkina Faso. The lexical work complements a published grammar with texts. See the readme for further information.
The search data supports a literature review project on lifestyle therapies for the management of atrial fibrillation. The data included in the dataset are the reproducible search strategies (in docx) and the exported results of all citations from all databases (txt and ris files). These searches and exported result files contain all citations originating from the database searches that were considered for inclusion.
Abdul-Aziz AA, Altawil M, Lyon A, MacEachern M, Richardson CR, Rubenfire M, Pelosi F Jr, Jackson EA. Lifestyle Therapy for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2018 May 1;121(9):1112-1117. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.01.023. PubMed PMID: 29650239. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29650239
This collection represents various raw data and analysis of cores extracted during the November 2008 mission of R/V Melville in the Santa Barbara Basin., The core included is the jumbo piston core MV0811-14JC. Core photos, physical properties and magnetic susceptibility from the multisensor track (MST), and the scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data are included in the collection., and Cruise DOI: 10.7284/903459
The research is funded by NSF OCE-1304327.
This collection represents various raw data and analysis of cores extracted during the January 2009 mission of the research vessel Sproul in the Santa Barbara Basin., Cores included: box core SPR0901-04BC, box core SPR0901-unnamed, and Kasten core SPR0901-03KC. Core photos, physical properties and magnetic susceptibility from the multisensor track (MST), and the scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data are included in the collection., and Cruise DOI: 10.7284/901089
This research is funded by NSF-OCE 0752093.