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  • Data Files for Real-Time Energy Disaggregation of a Distribution Feeder's Demand

    Creator: Mathieu, Johanna L, Balzano, Laura, and Ledva, Gregory S
    Description: This data set contains the relevant time series for constructing and testing electricity load models within the related paper. The files within are a '.mat' file that contains the data and a 'readme.txt' file detailing the contents of the data.
  • Retinal fundus images for glaucoma analysis: the RIGA dataset

    Creator: Almazroa, Ahmed
    Description: The dataset includes 3 different files: 1) MESSIDOR dataset file contains 460 original images and 460 images for every single ophthalmologist manual marking in total of 3220 images for the entire file. 2) Bin Rushed Ophthalmic center file and contains 195 original images and 195 images for every single ophthalmologist manual marking in total of 1365 images for the entire file. 3) Magrabi Eye center file and contains 95 original images and 95 images for every single ophthalmologist manual marking in total of 665 images for the entire file. The total of all the dataset images are 750 original images and 4500 manual marked images. The images are saved in JPG and TIFF format., NOTE ON THE DATA: Depositor accidentally left out 50 images from the BinRushed folder from the original deposit. A corrected BinRushed folder that includes these 50 images was added to this data set on May 21, 2018., and NOTE ON DOWNLOADING: The file "" is too large to be downloaded through Deep Blue Data. Please use Globus to download this file.
  • Understanding Ecosystem Services Adoption by Natural Resource Managers and Research Ecologists: Survey Data

    Creator: Engel, Daniel D. , Evans, Mary Anne, Low, Bobbi S., and Schaeffer, Jeff
    Description: This dataset was compiled as an attempt to understand how natural resource managers and research ecologists in the Great Lakes region integrate the ecosystem services (ES) paradigm into their work. The following text is the adapted abstract from a thesis associated with this data. Ecosystem services, or the benefits people obtain from ecosystems, have gained much momentum in natural resource management in recent decades as a relatively comprehensive approach to provide quantitative tools for improving decision-making and policy design. However, to date we know little about whether and how natural resource practitioners, from natural resource managers to research ecologists (hereafter managers and ecologists respectively), have adopted the ES paradigm into their respective work. Here, we addressed this knowledge gap by asking managers and ecologists about whether and how they have adopted the ES paradigm into their respective work. First, we surveyed federal, state, provincial and tribal managers in the Great Lakes region about their perception and use of ES as well as the relevance of specific services to their work. Although results indicate that fewer than 31% of the managers said they currently consider economic values of ES, 79% of managers said they would use economic information on ES if they had access to it. Additionally, managers reported that ES-related information was generally inadequate for their resource management needs. We also assessed managers by dividing them into identifiable groups (e.g. managers working in different types of government agencies or administrative levels) to evaluate differential ES integration. Overall, results suggest a desire among managers to transition from considering ES concepts in their management practices to quantifying economic metrics, indicating a need for practical and accessible valuation techniques. Due to a sample of opportunity at the USGS Great Lakes Science Center (GLSC), we also evaluated GLSC research ecologists’ integration of the ES paradigm because they play an important role by contributing requisite ecological knowledge for ES models. Managers and ecologists almost unanimously agreed that it was appropriate to consider ES in resource management and also showed convergence on the high priority ES. However, ecologists appeared to overestimate the adequacy of ES-related information they provide as managers reported the information was inadequate for their needs. This divergence may reflect an underrepresentation of ecological economists in this system who can aid in translating ecological models into estimates of human well-being. As a note, the dataset for the research ecologists has had some data removed as it could be considered personally identifiable information due to the small sample size in that population. The surveys associated with both datasets have also been included in PDF format. Curation Notes: Three files were added to the data set on Dec 21, 2017. Two csv files: "Ecosystem services and Research Ecologists - Data Index.csv" and "Ecosystem services and Research Managers - Data Index.csv" and one text file: "Ecosystem Services Adoption Readme.txt". The file names of the original four files were altered to replace an ampersand with the word "and".
  • Central Mali crafts and grooming documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: Videos made in the course of linguistic fieldwork. Includes blacksmithing, hide tanning, weaving, cotton spinning, weaving, reed flute making, pottery making, and construction in Dogon villages, and exotic traditional hair styling in Hombori (Songhay). Some of the videos are "compilations" of many short clips, others are in standard documentary form.
  • Multi-Stage Attack Graph Security Games: Heuristic Strategies, with Empirical Game-Theoretic Analysis --- Dataset

    Creator: Nguyen, Thanh H., Wright, Mason, Wellman, Michael P., and Singh, Satinder
    Description: In this work , we study the problem of allocating limited security countermeasures to protect network data from cyber-attacks, for scenarios modeled by Bayesian attack graphs. We consider multi-stage interactions between a network administrator and cybercriminals, formulated as a security game. We propose parameterized heuristic strategies for the attacker and defender and provide detailed analysis of their time complexity. Our heuristics exploit the topological structure of attack graphs and employ sampling methods to overcome the computational complexity in predicting opponent actions. Due to the complexity of the game, we employ a simulation-based approach and perform empirical game analysis over an enumerated set of heuristic strategies. Finally, we conduct experiments in various game settings to evaluate the performance of our heuristics in defending networks, in a manner that is robust to uncertainty about the security environment.
  • Data in support of the study "Modeled Response of Greenland Snowmelt to the Presence of Biomass Burning-Based Absorbing Aerosols in the Atmosphere and Snow"

    Creator: Ward, Jamie L., Flanner, Mark G., Bergin, Mike, Dibb, Jack E., Polashenski, Chris M., Soja, Amber J., Thomas, Jennie L.
    Description: Biomass burning produces smoke aerosols that are emitted into the atmosphere. Some smoke constituents, notably black carbon (BC), are highly effective light-absorbing aerosols (LAA). Emitted LAA can be transported to high albedo regions like the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) and affect local snowmelt. In the summer, the effects of LAA in Greenland are uncertain. To explore how LAA affect GrIS snowmelt and surface energy flux in the summer, we conduct idealized global climate model simulations with perturbed aerosol amounts and properties in the GrIS snow and overlying atmosphere. The in-snow and atmospheric aerosol burdens we select range from background values measured on the GrIS to unrealistically high values. This helps us explore the linearity of snowmelt response and to achieve high signal-to-noise ratios. With LAA operating only in the atmosphere, we find no significant change in snowmelt due to the competing effects of surface dimming and tropospheric warming. Regardless of atmospheric LAA presence, in-snow BC-equivalent mixing ratios greater than ~60 ng/g produce statistically significant snowmelt increases over much of the GrIS. We find that net surface energy flux changes correspond well to snowmelt changes for all cases. The dominant component of surface energy flux change is solar energy flux, but sensible and longwave energy fluxes respond to temperature changes. Atmospheric LAA dampen the magnitude of solar radiation absorbed by in-snow LAA when both varieties are simulated. In general, the significant melt and surface energy flux changes we simulate occur with LAA quantities that have never been recorded in Greenland.
  • English WikiProject coeditor networks and quality assessments

    Creator: Platt, Edward L.
    Description: We analyzed the structure of English language WikiProject coeditor networks and compare to the efficiency and performance of those projects. The list of WikiProjects give an integer key, title, and unique URL for each project. The network files are indexed by the integer keys. The quality assessment logs are indexed by project title and article title.
  • Stewardship Gap Project Bibliography Data

    Creator: York, Jeremy, Gutmann, Myron, and Berman, Francine
    Description: The data were collected as part of the Stewardship Gap project, an 18-month study to investigate how research data and creative outputs supported by public or non-profit funding in the United States are being stewarded. These data were collected as part of a literature search of sources about research data stewardship and relate most directly to work describing “What We Know About the Stewardship Gap.” In this work, we categorized “gaps” in stewardship identified in the literature, how the gaps were related to one another, and efforts to measure and develop metrics for the gaps.
  • Central Mali food and drink preparation documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: These are documentaries made in the course of linguistic fieldwork in central Mali. Most are presented here in three different video formats. All of those in the present group are of Dogon people. Beni village near Douentza figures in many of them. "Cooked spiced millet with roselle leaves" and "steamed cowpeas with millet" are from Walo village. "Cream of millet with tamarind" is from Bendiely village. "Beer brewing" is from Yanda village. "Groundnuts roasted and boiled" is from near Sévaré. "Macari" is from Kowo village near Sévaré. See also the separate works "Central Mali agriculture documentaries" and "Central Mali herding and dairy documentaries".
  • Central Mali agriculture documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: Videos produced in the course of linguistic fieldwork. Most are presented here in three different video formats. "Gardening Diondiori" illustrates dry-season farming mostly of cash crops using ground water (springs, drying ponds and rivers, underground water sources). The other videos in this block are of ordinary rainwater agriculture done in the rainy season, featuring Dogon people and, in the case of "Rice harvest and threshing," Bangande (speakers of Bangime), who have the same agricultural methods. The principal rainy season crop in the zone is millet (Cenchrus spicatus), but most of the documentaries here are about secondary crops (cowpea, fonio, groundnut, peanut, groundnut, roselle, rice, sesame, sweet potato). "Driving off grain-eating birds" is based on an unsteady cellphone video brought to us, except for the final segments which we shot.