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  • Results from simulations of earthquake rupture in fault zones with along-strike heterogeneity

    Creator: Huang, Yihe
    Description: Geological and geophysical observations reveal along-strike fault zone heterogeneity on major strike-slip faults, which can play a significant role in earthquake rupture propagation and termination. I present 2D dynamic rupture simulations to demonstrate rupture characteristics in such heterogeneous fault zone structure. The modeled rupture is nucleated in a damaged fault zone and propagates on a preexisting fault towards the zone of intact rocks. There is an intermediate range of nucleation lengths that only allow rupture to spontaneously propagate in the damaged fault zone but not in a homogeneous medium. I find that rupture with an intermediate nucleation length tends to stop when it reaches the zone of intact rocks, especially when the rupture propagation distance in the damaged fault zone is relatively short and when the damaged fault zone is relatively narrow or smooth in the fault-normal direction. Pronounced small-scale heterogeneity within the damaged fault zone also contributes to such early rupture termination. In asymmetric fault zones bisected by a bimaterial fault, rupture moving in the direction of slip of faster rocks tends to terminate under the same conditions as in symmetric fault zones, whereas rupture moving in the direction of slip of slower rocks can penetrate into the zone of intact rocks. Break-through rupture is allowed when a sufficiently-large asperity is located at the edge of the zone of intact rocks. The results suggest the along-strike fault zone heterogeneity can play a critical role in seismicity distribution. The data set contains multiple folders of simulation results from the SEM2DPACK that demonstrate the above findings. The folder name includes the model parameters in each simulation as explained in the README file. The file in the folder documents the slip, slip rate and stresses from each simulation. The files are also explained in the manual of SEM2DPACK ( Please refer to section 4.6 in the manual and use “sem2d_read_fault.m” in the POST folder of SEM2DPACK to plot the results.
  • Anthropogenic Aerosol indirect effects in cirrus clouds

    Creator: Penner, Joyce E., Zhou, Cheng, Garnier, Anne, and Mitchell, David
    Description: This data set contains the scripts and data sets needed to create the 9 figures in the referenced publication.
  • Central Mali documentary videos

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey G.
    Description: Short documentary videos of practical activities and cultural events of Dogon, Fulbe, Songhay, and Bangande ethnic groups of eastern Central Mali. The videos were byproducts of linguistic research on the local language. They are presented here in three formats: wmv, avi, and either qt or mov. See the "readme" files in each work for a summary of the videos in it. and The footage was shot with various digital cameras. The oldest videos (2010 and one or two from 2011) were edited using iMovie. The later videos were edited using AVS editing software. Several of the 2010 videos, referred to as "compilations," are simple sequences of short clips that combine to illustrate a complex activity such as extracting oil from nuts. The later videos are in more flowing documentary form with overlaid titles in English. In some cases, vocabulary from the relevant native language is included in the titles.
  • Stewardship Gap Project Bibliography Data

    Creator: York, Jeremy, Gutmann, Myron, and Berman, Francine
    Description: The data were collected as part of the Stewardship Gap project, an 18-month study to investigate how research data and creative outputs supported by public or non-profit funding in the United States are being stewarded. These data were collected as part of a literature search of sources about research data stewardship and relate most directly to work describing “What We Know About the Stewardship Gap.” In this work, we categorized “gaps” in stewardship identified in the literature, how the gaps were related to one another, and efforts to measure and develop metrics for the gaps.
  • Downloaded IAAF Sprint Results in all Heats for 2004 - 2016 Olympics for both Men and Women

    Creator: Mirshams Shahshahani, Payam
    Description: Investigating minimum human reaction times is often confounded by the motivation, training, and state of arousal of the subjects. We used the reaction times of athletes competing in the shorter sprint events in the Athletics competitions in recent Olympics (2004-2016) to determine minimum human reaction times because there's little question as to their motivation, training, or state of arousal. The reaction times of sprinters however are only available on the IAAF web page for each individual heat, in each event, at each Olympic. Therefore we compiled all these data into two separate excel sheets which can be used for further analyses.
  • Multi-Stage Attack Graph Security Games: Heuristic Strategies, with Empirical Game-Theoretic Analysis --- Dataset

    Creator: Nguyen, Thanh H., Wright, Mason, Wellman, Michael P., and Singh, Satinder
    Description: In this work , we study the problem of allocating limited security countermeasures to protect network data from cyber-attacks, for scenarios modeled by Bayesian attack graphs. We consider multi-stage interactions between a network administrator and cybercriminals, formulated as a security game. We propose parameterized heuristic strategies for the attacker and defender and provide detailed analysis of their time complexity. Our heuristics exploit the topological structure of attack graphs and employ sampling methods to overcome the computational complexity in predicting opponent actions. Due to the complexity of the game, we employ a simulation-based approach and perform empirical game analysis over an enumerated set of heuristic strategies. Finally, we conduct experiments in various game settings to evaluate the performance of our heuristics in defending networks, in a manner that is robust to uncertainty about the security environment.
  • Data from "Genomic evidence of a widespread southern distribution during the Last Glacial Maximum for two eastern North American hickory species"

    Creator: Bemmels, Jordan B. and Dick, Christopher W.
    Description: Raw SNP genotypes are provided in STRUCTURE format, with a maximum of one SNP reported per ddRAD locus. The files "caryco_SNP.str" and "caryov_SNP.str" are genotypes for Carya cordiformis and Carya ovata, respectively. The first column of each file is the individual name, the second column is the population (see original publication for information on population locations), and the remaining columns are genotypes of individual SNPs. Rows represent individuals, with the diploid genotypes contained on two lines per individual. Missing data are entered as "0" (zero). The first row is a header with a unique identifier for each SNP. and Occurrence records for each species are provided in the file "occs_carya.csv" and contain the latitude and longitude of each record.
  • Qualitative Data Reuse: Records of Practice in Educational Research and Teacher Development: Interview Protocol, Qualitative Data Analysis Codeset, and Attributes for the Interviews

    Creator: Yakel, Elizabeth, Suzuka, Kara, and Frank, Rebecca
    Description: These data collection and analysis protocols and the attribute list are part of a larger research project, the Institute of Museum and Library Services # LG-06-14-0122-14. funded "Qualitative Data Reuse: Records of Practice in Educational Research and Teacher Development." As such, our research questions concern data reuse and data curation: 1. Data Reuse: What are the dynamics of the data reuse lifecycle (from selection of data through the reuse of data) in a qualitative digital educational archive? 2. Data curation: What special issues are involved in curating digital qualitative data for reuse? • How can qualitative data archives best support data reusers throughout the data reuse lifecycle? • What aspects of this experience are informative for other types of qualitative data archives? The overall project employed mixed methods and collected interview, observational, and trace data from data reusers of video records of practice in education and repositories holding video records of practice. The interview protocol and interview codeset relate to the 44 interviews conducted with researchers and teacher-educators who have reused digital video records of practice as qualitative data for research and/or teaching.
  • Central Mali crafts and grooming documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: Videos made in the course of linguistic fieldwork. Includes blacksmithing, hide tanning, weaving, cotton spinning, weaving, reed flute making, pottery making, and construction in Dogon villages, and exotic traditional hair styling in Hombori (Songhay). Some of the videos are "compilations" of many short clips, others are in standard documentary form.
  • Central Mali oils soaps and soda-ash documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: Videos done in the course of linguistic fieldwork in Central Mali. They are presented here in two or three video formats. The videos show how Dogon villagers press oil from nuts and fruit pits, make liquid soda ash (French potasse), and make soap. Some are in standard documentary form, some early ones ("compendiums") are sequences of brief clips. Most were made in Beni village or in the Douentza area.
  • Central Mali hunting and collecting documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: These videos were shot in Dogon villages. They show how wild foods (insects and plants) are obtained and consumed. Most are presented here in three video formats.
  • Central Mali herding and dairy documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: These videos were produced in the course of linguistic fieldwork in central Mali. They are presented here in multiple video formats. The cattle herders par excellence in the zone are traditional Fulbe, who enter towns and Dogon villages to sell fresh and curdled milk along with butter.
  • Central Mali agriculture documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: Videos produced in the course of linguistic fieldwork. Most are presented here in three different video formats. "Gardening Diondiori" illustrates dry-season farming mostly of cash crops using ground water (springs, drying ponds and rivers, underground water sources). The other videos in this block are of ordinary rainwater agriculture done in the rainy season, featuring Dogon people and, in the case of "Rice harvest and threshing," Bangande (speakers of Bangime), who have the same agricultural methods. The principal rainy season crop in the zone is millet (Cenchrus spicatus), but most of the documentaries here are about secondary crops (cowpea, fonio, groundnut, peanut, groundnut, roselle, rice, sesame, sweet potato). "Driving off grain-eating birds" is based on an unsteady cellphone video brought to us, except for the final segments which we shot.
  • Central Mali food and drink preparation documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: These are documentaries made in the course of linguistic fieldwork in central Mali. Most are presented here in three different video formats. All of those in the present group are of Dogon people. Beni village near Douentza figures in many of them. "Cooked spiced millet with roselle leaves" and "steamed cowpeas with millet" are from Walo village. "Cream of millet with tamarind" is from Bendiely village. "Beer brewing" is from Yanda village. "Groundnuts roasted and boiled" is from near Sévaré. "Macari" is from Kowo village near Sévaré. See also the separate works "Central Mali agriculture documentaries" and "Central Mali herding and dairy documentaries".
  • Central Mali cultural event documentaries

    Creator: Heath, Jeffrey
    Description: Documentaries about festivals (some annual, some less often) and ceremonial events, filmed in the course of linguistic fieldwork in central Mali. Those relating to Dogon are: Bamba fishfest 2010; Degeju festival at Yendouma 2012; Dogon cowfest at Pergue 2011; Ginna Dogon 2011 Bandiagara; Koira Bery festival 2010; Songho circumcision 2010; Tomtoms of Tupere; and Yanda huntfest 2010. Bangande (speakers of Bangime) are represented in Tabaski at Bounou (the Muslim feast of the ram). Fulbe are represented in Cowfest at Bamguel 2011 (cowfests are a Fulbe specialty, but the Dogon of Pergue have their own). Songhay is represented by Coronation at Hombori 2011 (the enthronment or "intronisation" of a new king of Hombori). Videos are available in multiple formats.
  • Maximum Spreading Speed for Magnetopause Reconnection: Model Dataset

    Creator: Welling, Daniel and Walsh, Brian
    Description: The goal of this simulation was to examine the spread of magnetic reconnection across the dayside magnetopause upon the arrival of a tangential discontinuity of the interplanetary magnetic field from a purely northward to southward configuration. Simple solar wind conditions were used to give us input into the system. A very high resolution grid setup was used in BATS-R-US.
  • Data in support of the study "Modeled Response of Greenland Snowmelt to the Presence of Biomass Burning-Based Absorbing Aerosols in the Atmosphere and Snow"

    Creator: Ward, Jamie L., Flanner, Mark G., Bergin, Mike, Dibb, Jack E., Polashenski, Chris M., Soja, Amber J., Thomas, Jennie L.
    Description: Biomass burning produces smoke aerosols that are emitted into the atmosphere. Some smoke constituents, notably black carbon (BC), are highly effective light-absorbing aerosols (LAA). Emitted LAA can be transported to high albedo regions like the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) and affect local snowmelt. In the summer, the effects of LAA in Greenland are uncertain. To explore how LAA affect GrIS snowmelt and surface energy flux in the summer, we conduct idealized global climate model simulations with perturbed aerosol amounts and properties in the GrIS snow and overlying atmosphere. The in-snow and atmospheric aerosol burdens we select range from background values measured on the GrIS to unrealistically high values. This helps us explore the linearity of snowmelt response and to achieve high signal-to-noise ratios. With LAA operating only in the atmosphere, we find no significant change in snowmelt due to the competing effects of surface dimming and tropospheric warming. Regardless of atmospheric LAA presence, in-snow BC-equivalent mixing ratios greater than ~60 ng/g produce statistically significant snowmelt increases over much of the GrIS. We find that net surface energy flux changes correspond well to snowmelt changes for all cases. The dominant component of surface energy flux change is solar energy flux, but sensible and longwave energy fluxes respond to temperature changes. Atmospheric LAA dampen the magnitude of solar radiation absorbed by in-snow LAA when both varieties are simulated. In general, the significant melt and surface energy flux changes we simulate occur with LAA quantities that have never been recorded in Greenland.
  • Literature search files for systematic review on naloxone distribution in emergency departments

    Creator: MacEachern, Mark and Muzyk, Andrew
    Description: The systematic review explores the role of the emergency department in naloxone distribution and harm reduction strategies associated with opioid use.
  • X-ray tomography dataset for 'Caught in the act: The mechanism of eutectic modification by trace impurities'

    Creator: Moniri, Saman, Xiao, Xianghui, and Shahani, Ashwin J.
    Description: The data file is comprised of 22,500 X-ray projections (15 scans of 1500 projections each) recorded during solidification of Al-Ge-Na. The raw data file is in .hdf format and can be reconstructed into .tiff, e.g., by using the TomoPy toolbox in Python.
  • Supporting data and scripts for the paper "Variability in the location of High Frequency Oscillations during prolonged intracranial EEG recordings"

    Creator: Gliske, Stephen V and Stacey, William C
    Description: This data is part of a large program to translate detection and interpretation of HFOs into clinical use. A zip file is included which contains hfo detections, metadata, and Matlab scripts. The matlab scripts analyze this input data and produce figures as in the referenced paper (note: the blind source separation method is stochastic, and so the figures may not be exactly the same). A file "README.txt" provides more detail about each individual file within the zip file.