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  • Downloaded IAAF Sprint Results in all Heats for 2004 - 2016 Olympics for both Men and Women

    Creator: Mirshams Shahshahani, Payam
    Description: Investigating minimum human reaction times is often confounded by the motivation, training, and state of arousal of the subjects. We used the reaction times of athletes competing in the shorter sprint events in the Athletics competitions in recent Olympics (2004-2016) to determine minimum human reaction times because there's little question as to their motivation, training, or state of arousal. The reaction times of sprinters however are only available on the IAAF web page for each individual heat, in each event, at each Olympic. Therefore we compiled all these data into two separate excel sheets which can be used for further analyses.
  • Maximum Spreading Speed for Magnetopause Reconnection: Model Dataset

    Creator: Welling, Daniel and Walsh, Brian
    Description: The goal of this simulation was to examine the spread of magnetic reconnection across the dayside magnetopause upon the arrival of a tangential discontinuity of the interplanetary magnetic field from a purely northward to southward configuration. Simple solar wind conditions were used to give us input into the system. A very high resolution grid setup was used in BATS-R-US.
  • Data in support of the study "Modeled Response of Greenland Snowmelt to the Presence of Biomass Burning-Based Absorbing Aerosols in the Atmosphere and Snow"

    Creator: Ward, Jamie L., Flanner, Mark G., Bergin, Mike, Dibb, Jack E., Polashenski, Chris M., Soja, Amber J., Thomas, Jennie L.
    Description: Biomass burning produces smoke aerosols that are emitted into the atmosphere. Some smoke constituents, notably black carbon (BC), are highly effective light-absorbing aerosols (LAA). Emitted LAA can be transported to high albedo regions like the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) and affect local snowmelt. In the summer, the effects of LAA in Greenland are uncertain. To explore how LAA affect GrIS snowmelt and surface energy flux in the summer, we conduct idealized global climate model simulations with perturbed aerosol amounts and properties in the GrIS snow and overlying atmosphere. The in-snow and atmospheric aerosol burdens we select range from background values measured on the GrIS to unrealistically high values. This helps us explore the linearity of snowmelt response and to achieve high signal-to-noise ratios. With LAA operating only in the atmosphere, we find no significant change in snowmelt due to the competing effects of surface dimming and tropospheric warming. Regardless of atmospheric LAA presence, in-snow BC-equivalent mixing ratios greater than ~60 ng/g produce statistically significant snowmelt increases over much of the GrIS. We find that net surface energy flux changes correspond well to snowmelt changes for all cases. The dominant component of surface energy flux change is solar energy flux, but sensible and longwave energy fluxes respond to temperature changes. Atmospheric LAA dampen the magnitude of solar radiation absorbed by in-snow LAA when both varieties are simulated. In general, the significant melt and surface energy flux changes we simulate occur with LAA quantities that have never been recorded in Greenland.
  • Literature search files for systematic review on naloxone distribution in emergency departments

    Creator: MacEachern, Mark and Muzyk, Andrew
    Description: The systematic review explores the role of the emergency department in naloxone distribution and harm reduction strategies associated with opioid use.
  • X-ray tomography dataset for 'Caught in the act: The mechanism of eutectic modification by trace impurities'

    Creator: Moniri, Saman, Xiao, Xianghui, and Shahani, Ashwin J.
    Description: The data file is comprised of 22,500 X-ray projections (15 scans of 1500 projections each) recorded during solidification of Al-Ge-Na. The raw data file is in .hdf format and can be reconstructed into .tiff, e.g., by using the TomoPy toolbox in Python.
  • Supporting data and scripts for the paper "Variability in the location of High Frequency Oscillations during prolonged intracranial EEG recordings"

    Creator: Gliske, Stephen V and Stacey, William C
    Description: This data is part of a large program to translate detection and interpretation of HFOs into clinical use. A zip file is included which contains hfo detections, metadata, and Matlab scripts. The matlab scripts analyze this input data and produce figures as in the referenced paper (note: the blind source separation method is stochastic, and so the figures may not be exactly the same). A file "README.txt" provides more detail about each individual file within the zip file.
  • Model outputs for "Multi-species and multi-fluid MHD approaches for the study of ionospheric escape at Mars"

    Creator: Regoli, Leonardo H.
    Description: The data corresponds to outputs from the Mars Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Model (M-GITM), the multi-species magnetohydrodynamics (MS-MHD) and multi-fluid magnetohydrodynamics (MF-MHD) codes used during the study presented in "Multi-species and multi-fluid MHD approaches for the study of ionospheric escape at Mars" by Regoli et al.
  • Maternal and Infant Survival Study (MISS) Interviews with Health Care Providers in Ghana about Neonatal Near-Misses

    Creator: Moyer, Cheryl A
    Description: Data reflect the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of health care providers regarding neonatal near-misses in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in southern Ghana.
  • Effective Fetch and Relative Exposure Index Maps for the Laurentian Great Lakes

    Creator: Mason, Lacey A., Riseng, Catherine M., Layman, Andrew J., and Jensen, Robert
    Description: Wind exposure is a key physical driver of coastal systems in aquatic environments influencing circulation and wave dynamics. A measure of wind exposure is fetch, the distance over which wind can travel across open water. In large lake systems, such as the Laurentian Great Lakes, estimating fetch has proved to be difficult due to their vast size and complex topobathymetry. Here we describe the development of two spatially discrete indicators of exposure to provide a more accurate indicator of influence of wind exposure in the nearshore of the Laurentian Great Lakes. We summarized wind data from offshore buoys and leveraged existing tools to calculate effective fetch and relative exposure index (effective fetch scaled by mean wind speed) at a 30 m grid cell resolution. We validated these models by comparing our exposure maps to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Wave Information Studies models and found general agreement. These exposure maps are available for public download for the years 2004-2014.
  • Magneto-inductive sensor characterization data

    Creator: Regoli, Leonardo H.
    Description: The data contained in the file comprises those collected during the characterization of the sensor as described in the article "Investigation of a low-cost magneto-inductive magnetometer for space science applications" (cited below). This includes: , - Resolution , - Stability , - Linearity , and - Frequency response
  • Designing Future Employment Applications for Underserved Job Seekers: A Speed Dating Study

    Creator: Dillahunt, Tawanna R., Lam, Jason, Lu, Alex, and Wheeler, Earnest
    Description: Today’s Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) support job searches, resume creation and the ability to highlight employment skills on social media. However, these technological tools are often tailored to high-income, highly educated users, and white-collar professionals. It is unclear what interventions address the needs of job seekers who have limited resources, education, or who may be underserved in other ways. We gathered insights from past literature and generated ten tangible design concepts to address the needs of underserved job seekers. We then conducted a needs validation and speed dating study to understand which concepts were most viable among our population. We found that the three most preferred concepts immediately addressed job seekers’ most practical needs. and Per reviewer feedback, we aim to improve the utility of this publication to other scholars by including our research materials here. This dataset includes the interview script, storyboards that were used in the needs validation study, the demographics survey/questionnaire, and the consent form.
  • Event List for "Interchange Injections at Saturn: Statistical Survey of Energetic H+ Sudden Flux Intensifications"

    Creator: Azari, A. R.
    Description: ABSTRACT: We present a statistical study of interchange injections in Saturn's inner and middle magnetosphere focusing on the dependence of occurrence rate and properties on radial distance, partial pressure, and local time distribution. Events are evaluated from over the entirety of the Cassini mission’s equatorial orbits between 2005 and 2016. We identified interchange events from CHarge Energy Mass Spectrometer (CHEMS) H+ data using a trained and tested automated algorithm, which has been compared with manual event identification for optimization. We provide estimates of interchange based on intensity, which we use to investigate current inconsistencies in local time occurrence rates. This represents the first automated detection method of interchange, estimation of injection event intensity, and comparison between interchange injection survey results. We find the peak rates of interchange occur between 7 - 9 Saturn radii and that this range coincides with the most intense events as defined by H+ partial particle pressure. We determine that nightside occurrence dominates as compared to the dayside injection rate, supporting the hypothesis of an inversely dependent instability growth rate on local Pedersen ionospheric conductivity. Additionally, we observe a slight preference for intense events on the dawn side, supporting a triggering mechanism related to large-scale injections from downtail reconnection. Our observed local time dependence paints a dynamic picture of interchange triggering due to both the large-scale injection driven process and ionospheric conductivity. Within this repository we provide a readme file (description of data file and usage) and the event list provided as a .txt file. The event list includes start and stop times, comparison to previous surveys, and the average location of events identified. Additional formats are available on request. and Further details on this method can be found in "Interchange Injections at Saturn: Statistical Survey of Energetic H+ Sudden Flux Intensifications" by Azari et al., 2018 in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics.
  • Bayesian Population Correlation: A probabilistic approach to comparing detrital zircon age distributions

    Creator: Tye, Alexander R, Wolf, Aaron S, and Niemi, Nathan A
    Description: Detrital zircon age distributions provide robust insights into past sedimentary systems, but these age distributions are often complex and multi-peaked, with sample sizes too small to confidently resolve population distributions. This limited sampling hinders existing quantitative methods for comparing detrital zircon age distributions, which show systematic dependence on the sizes of compared samples. The proliferation of detrital zircon studies motivates the development of more robust quantitative methods. We present the first attempt, to our knowledge, to infer probability model ensembles (PMEs) for samples of detrital zircon ages using a Bayesian method. Our method infers the parent population age distribution from which a sample is drawn, using a Monte Carlo approach to aggregate a representative set of probability models that is consistent with the constraints that the sample data provide. Using the PMEs inferred from sample data, we develop a new estimate of correspondence between detrital zircon populations called Bayesian Population Correlation (BPC). Tests of BPC on synthetic and real detrital zircon age data show that it is nearly independent from sample size bias, unlike existing correspondence metrics. Robust BPC uncertainties can be readily estimated, enhancing interpretive value. When comparing two partially overlapping zircon age populations where the shared proportion of each population is independently varied, BPC results conform almost perfectly to expected values derived analytically from probability theory. This conformity of experimental and analytical results permits direct inference of the shared proportions of two detrital zircon age populations from BPC. We provide MATLAB scripts to facilitate the procedures we describe.
  • Model results for "Modeling study of geospace system response to the solar wind dynamic pressure enhancement on March 17, 2015"

    Creator: Ozturk, Dogacan
    Description: The global magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere (M-I-T) system is intrinsically coupled and susceptible to external drivers such as solar wind dynamic pressure enhancements. In order to understand the large-scale dynamic processes in the M-I-T system due to the compression from the solar wind, the 17 March 2015 sudden commencement was studied in detail using global numerical models. This data set is comprised of the simulation data generated from these models. and NOTE: The following changes were made to this dataset on March 28, 2018. First, two mp4 files were added. Second, the symbol representing "degree" was not rendering properly in the README file. The symbols were removed and replaced with the word "degree". Third, the metadata in the "methodology" and "description" fields were revised for content and clarity. On April 16, 2018 a citation to the corresponding article was added to the metadata record.
  • Low-Fe(III) Greenalite Was a Primary Mineral from Neoarchean Oceans (Raw Data)

    Creator: Johnson, Jena E.
    Description: Note: The "Readme_Metadata" file was updated on March 15, 2018 to include a citation to the related article making use of this data and was reformatted to be presented as a pdf file rather than as a docx file. and This data set is comprised of synchrotron-based X-ray transmission and absorption spectroscopy data as well as X-ray diffraction patterns that were performed to characterize the best-preserved examples of nanoscale iron silicate mineral inclusions from 2.5 billion-year-old Banded Iron Formations (BIFs) and ferruginous cherts.
  • TCCIII Near-Wall Flow

    Creator: Sick, Volker , Reuss, David L, and Greene, Mark L
    Description: This archive contains data files from spark-ignited homogeneous combustion internal combustion engine experiments. Included are high-resolution two-dimensional two-component velocity fields acquired at two 5 x 6 mm regions, one near the head and one near the piston. Crank angle resolved heat flux measurements were made at a third location in the head. The engine was operated at 40 kPa, 500 and 1300 RPM, motor and fired. Included are in-cylinder pressure measurements, external pressure and temperature data, as well as details on the geometry of the optical engine to enable setups of simulation configurations.
  • Development, feasibility, and efficacy of decision aids to improve decision-making for post-mastectomy breast reconstruction: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Creator: Berlin, Nicholas and MacEachern, Mark
    Description: This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses decision aids in the context of patients considering post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. and NOTE: An updated Read Me file was added to this data set on May 24, 2018 replacing the original.
  • Data in support of the study "Climate response to negative greenhouse gas radiative forcing in polar winter"

    Creator: Flanner, Mark
    Description: Greenhouse gas (GHG) additions to Earth’s atmosphere initially reduce global outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), thereby warming the planet. In select environments with temperature inversions, however, increased GHG concentrations can actually increase local OLR. Negative top-of-atmosphere and effective radiative forcing (ERF) from this situation give the impression that local surface temperatures could cool in response to GHG increases. Here we consider an extreme scenario in which GHG concentrations are increased only within the warmest layers of winter near-surface inversions of the Arctic and Antarctic. We find, using a fully coupled Earth system model, that the underlying surface warms despite the GHG addition exerting negative ERF and cooling the troposphere in the vicinity of the GHG increase. This unique radiative forcing and thermal response is facilitated by the high stability of the polar winter atmosphere, which inhibits thermal mixing and amplifies the impact of surface radiative forcing on surface temperature. These findings also suggest that strategies to exploit negative ERF via injections of short-lived GHGs into inversion layers would likely be unsuccessful in cooling the planetary surface. and Note: A revised data description file was added to this work on April 11, 2018 containing additional information about the data set than was provided in the original description. Additional keywords and a full citation to the related article were added as well.
  • Retinal fundus images for glaucoma analysis: the RIGA dataset

    Creator: Almazroa, Ahmed
    Description: The dataset includes 3 different files: 1) MESSIDOR dataset file contains 460 original images and 460 images for every single ophthalmologist manual marking in total of 3220 images for the entire file. 2) Bin Rushed Ophthalmic center file and contains 195 original images and 195 images for every single ophthalmologist manual marking in total of 1365 images for the entire file. 3) Magrabi Eye center file and contains 95 original images and 95 images for every single ophthalmologist manual marking in total of 665 images for the entire file. The total of all the dataset images are 750 original images and 4500 manual marked images. The images are saved in JPG and TIFF format. and NOTE: Depositor accidentally left out 50 images from the BinRushed folder from the original deposit. A corrected BinRushed folder that includes these 50 images was added to this data set on May 21, 2018.
  • Demographically diverse crowds are typically not much wiser than homogeneous crowds

    Creator: de Oliveira, Stephanie and Nisbett, Richard E.
    Description: These studies assess the effect of social identity on judgement and are described in "Demographically diverse crowds are typically not much wiser than homogeneous crowds" (de Oliveira, S., & Nisbett, R. E. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018) and the article’s Supporting Information appendix. Some studies use a variety of questions to assess multiple social identity factors; the other studies are narrowed to particular social identity variables. Each study includes some type of estimation or prediction task, collects social identity variables, and asks participants to indicate their answer strategies. Study 1 is a trivia and prediction task based on football team fan identity. Study 2 reports on demographics plus political and religious identity and asks participants to predict vote percentages in presidential primaries. Study 3 participants estimate the percentage of Americans that support statements on various polarizing political views and give likelihood ratings for presidential candidates to win the Iowa caucus; a variety of identity questions are asked including political and religious identity. Study 4 includes demographics plus political and religious identity questions and asks participants to predict how the candidates would perform in the 2016 United States presidential election. Study 5 asks participants to guess the popularity rating of books that had either gender-specific or gender-neutral appeal, and also to rate their own interest in the books. Demographic-based social identity variables such as sex are included. Study 6 includes a wide variety of social identity variables and asks participants to estimate the likelihood of events occurring in the near future. Study 7 participants are from diverse national backgrounds and completed judgement tasks that predicted stock prices, Olympic performance, and news events outcomes. The data are generally interpretable when examined in conjunction with the target article. A new data file for Study 6 was uploaded on April 4, 2018 to include variables that were inadvertently left out of the original Study 6 file. A new data file for Study 7 was uploaded on April 6, 2018 to include variables that were inadvertently left out of the original Study 7 file. A codebook for this data set was added on April 6, 2018.