Work Description

Title: Lexical spreadsheets Jalkunan language of Burkina Faso Open Access Deposited

Attribute Value
  • Lexical elicitation, enriched by lexicon extracted from texts. The presentation separates nouns, adjectives, numerals, other (e.g. grammatical particles, adverbs), and verbs. They have distinct worksheets in the xlsx version, and are separate spreadsheets in the csv version
  • Jalkunan is an endangered language of the Mande family, spoken in the village cluster of Blédougou in southwestern Burkina Faso. The lexical work complements a published grammar with texts. See the readme for further information.
Contact information
Funding agency
  • National Science Foundation (NSF)
ORSP grant number
  • multiple
Citations to related material
Related items in Deep Blue Documents
Resource type
Last modified
  • 04/06/2020
  • 03/19/2019
To Cite this Work:
Heath, J. (2019). Lexical spreadsheets Jalkunan language of Burkina Faso [Data set], University of Michigan - Deep Blue Data.


This work is not a member of any user collections.

Files (Count: 7; Size: 621 KB)


Jalkunan is a Mande language spoken in one village cluster in southwestern Burkina Faso. A reference grammar was published electronically by Language Description Heritage Library in 2017 with backup at deepblue
DOI: 10.17617/2.2346932

The spreadsheet format divides lexicon into five categories: nouns, adjectives, numerals, other, and verbs. “Other” includes adverbs, adpositions, and other grammatical elements. In the xlsx version, these are distinct worksheets belonging to a single spreadsheet. In the csv version, each sheet is its own document. The division into multiple sheets allows each category to be formatted in a customized manner with whatever columns of information are appropriate. The details are given for each sheet below. In the xlsx version, some cells are greyed out to indicate that the inflectional category in question is not applicable, because of properties (e.g. plural only, intransitive only) of the stem.

“stem” (all entries are marked n for noun)
“shape” CvLv, etc. (C=consonant, v=vowel, L=sonorant)
“melody” (tone pattern), e.g. LH(L), HHM(L), L=low, H=high, M=mid
“dim” (marks nouns with diminutive features)
“cpd” (marks compounds)
“rdp” (marks reduplicative nouns)
“sem” (marks certain semantic categories, e.g. fl=flora, fa=fauna, fa-bir=bird,
fa-ins=insect, f-rep=reptile, fa-mam=mammal, fa-fish=fish
(three forms of each noun, see below)
“English” gloss
“French” gloss
“comments 1”
“comments 2”

The first few columns allow sorting to bring relevant nouns together, either based on their phonological form, their morphology, or their meaning (flora, fauna).

The three forms shown for each noun are a) the premodifier form before adjectives and similar modifiers, b) the form taken by the noun in the frame ‘I saw __’, and c) the independent form that can be used in citation. The independent form typically has a suffix -ra, -la, or the like. The two other forms can differ slightly in tonal form.

“stem” (adj), “melody”, “cpd”, “rdp” as for nouns
(three forms of each adjective, see below)
“English” gloss
“French” gloss
“comment 1”
“comment 2”

The first form shown is unsuffixed, as when followed by another modifier. The two other forms have the same suffix -ra or variant as for nouns. These two forms differ tonally as explained in the grammar.

“stem” (num)

“stem” may be adv[erb], aux[iliary], compl[ementizer], coord[inator], dem[onstrative], disc[ourse category], interrog[ative], logic[al morpheme], poss[essive], postp[osition], pred[icate morpheme], pron[oun], quant[ifier], rel[ative marker], simil[arity], suffix.
“form”, “English”, and “French” are self-explanatory

“stem” (v), “shape”, “melody”, “cpd”, “rdp” as for nouns
“tr” (transitivity): tr[ansitive], intr[ansitive], aux[iliary], refl[exive], pseudotr[ansitive], inch[oative], intr+O, “intr+P”. Transitive is defined as a verb taking a preverbal object. intr+O is a verb that takes a postverbal object. intr+P is a verb that takes a postpositional phrase. One verb meaning ‘go (to somewhere)’ is pseudo-transitive, sharing some transitive and intransitive features
(six forms of each verb, if applicable—see below)
“English”, “French”, “comment”, and “example”

The six forms shown are perfective (two tonal forms), imperfective (two tonal forms), imperative, and plural imperative. The different tonal forms are associated with different types of preceding nouns and noun-phrases, as explained in the grammar.


These documents are made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Please see: for more information.

Download All Files (To download individual files, select them in the “Files” panel above)

Best for data sets < 3 GB. Downloads all files plus metadata into a zip file.

Best for data sets > 3 GB. Globus is the platform Deep Blue Data uses to make large data sets available.   More about Globus

Remediation of Harmful Language

The University of Michigan Library aims to describe library materials in a way that respects the people and communities who create, use, and are represented in our collections. Report harmful or offensive language in catalog records, finding aids, or elsewhere in our collections anonymously through our metadata feedback form. More information at Remediation of Harmful Language.