Response Style of Rating Scales: The Effects of Data Collection Mode, Scale Format, and Acculturation.

Show simple item record Liu, Mingnan en_US 2015-05-14T16:27:41Z NO_RESTRICTION en_US 2015-05-14T16:27:41Z 2015 en_US 2014 en_US
dc.description.abstract Rating scales are popular for measuring attitudes, but response style, a source of measurement error associated with this type of question, can result in measurement bias in important attitudinal measures. Although numerous research efforts have been devoted to this topic, there are still some overlooked areas. This dissertation intends to fill three gaps in the literature on response style. Chapter 1 investigates the effects of face-to-face and Web survey on acquiescent response style (ARS) and extreme response style (ERS) using the 2012 American National Election Studies (ANES) data. Using the latent class analysis approach, I find that: 1) both ARS and ERS exist in both face-to-face and Web survey; 2) face-to-face respondents demonstrate more ARS and ERS than Web respondents; 3) the effect of mode on ERS is larger for black respondents than for white and Hispanic respondents. Chapter 2 compares ERS with respect to the format of response scale, specifically agree-disagree (A/D) and item specific (IS) scales. This study analyzes a between- and within-subject experiment embedded in the 2012 ANES. Using latent class factor analysis, I reached the following three major findings: 1) ERS exists in both A/D and IS scale formats; 2) ERS shows a slightly different pattern between the two scale formats; 3) when analyzing ERS within subjects across two waves, there is only a single ERS latent class variable for both scale formats, after controlling for the correlation within respondents. Chapter 3 utilizes the 2003 Detroit Arab American Study to examine the impact of acculturation of Arab Americans on ERS. The results indicate that less acculturated respondents are more prone to ERS than more acculturated respondents, and this is especially true for the 5-point rating response scales as compared to 3-point rating scales. This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that less acculturated respondents identify more strongly with honor-based collectivist cultures that value decisive and assertive answers since this is a way of showing one’s unambiguous attitude and standing, an important quality in such a culture. The language of the interview primes the relevant cultural norms and therefore mediates the relationship between acculturation and ERS. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject response style en_US
dc.subject Likert scale en_US
dc.subject item specific scale en_US
dc.subject latent class analysis en_US
dc.subject mode effect en_US
dc.subject Arab American en_US
dc.title Response Style of Rating Scales: The Effects of Data Collection Mode, Scale Format, and Acculturation. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreename PhD en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreediscipline Survey Methodology en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreegrantor University of Michigan, Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Conrad, Frederick G. en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Lee, Sunghee en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Xie, Yu en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Schwarz, Norbert W. en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Social Sciences (General) en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Social Sciences en_US
dc.owningcollname Dissertations and Theses (Ph.D. and Master's)
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