One World is Not Enough: The Colonial Amazon and the Shaping of the New World.

Show simple item record Toromoreno, Rodrigo D. en_US 2015-09-30T14:22:50Z NO_RESTRICTION en_US 2015-09-30T14:22:50Z 2015 en_US 2015 en_US
dc.description.abstract This dissertation revisits the term ‘world’ to examine its function in the construct ‘New World’, focusing on seventeenth-century imaginings of the Amazon River at a time when geopolitical affairs were challenging what appeared to be a categorical concept. Analyzing a series of mid-century expeditions from opposing parties and geographical extremes of the river, Jesuit annual reports in which subsequent settlement designs are laid out, official documents with similar aspirations, chronicles describing life in the tropical rainforest, and visual sources including a still life painting where this material is rendered, the colonial Amazon is read through these texts in a way that seeks to understand the system they collectively shape—the ‘world’ that, in other words, they form. The crux of the analysis then becomes an engagement with the question of what it means to be in this world shaped predominantly by water, and in particular what it means for those who exist within it in a mode that does not agree with its design. That ‘world’ is understood as an entity which is ‘whole’ is a premise that sets the context of the first chapter which explores renditions of an incomplete New World in ontological terms. Elaborating on this direction, the second chapter uses a mid-century expedition, recorded by the Jesuit Cristóbal de Acuña, to explore the mechanics of world shaping wherein the Amazon’s topography is conceptually rearranged to align with geopolitical interests. The handling of nature is further examined in the third chapter through a Dutch a still life painting of colonial Brazil and a Portuguese letter advocating the transplantation of crops to the colony. Here ‘tropical nature’ is treated as a concept that is fashioned in response to erstwhile renditions of these worlds, turning the shaping process into a revisionist undertaking. Using Amazonian archaeology in conjunction with annual reports of Jesuit 'aldeas', the final chapter examines the project’s central question through Amerindian responses to the world order established in these occidental texts. Tensions generated by conflicting spatial configurations are read as instances of indigenous agency coming into view and demonstrating the possibilities for defining the New World otherwise. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Amazonia en_US
dc.subject Seventeenth-Century en_US
dc.subject New World Cosmography en_US
dc.title One World is Not Enough: The Colonial Amazon and the Shaping of the New World. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreename PhD en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreediscipline Romance Languages and Literatures: Spanish en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreegrantor University of Michigan, Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Verdesio, Gustavo en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Hebrard, Jean M. en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Goes Neves, Eduardo en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Nemser, Daniel J. en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Garcia Santo-Tomas, Enrique en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Romance Languages and Literature en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Humanities en_US
dc.owningcollname Dissertations and Theses (Ph.D. and Master's)
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