Hugs, not hits: Warmth and spanking as predictors of child social competence

Show simple item record Altschul, Inna Lee, Shawna Gershoff, Elizabeth 2016-06-04T01:40:50Z 2016-06-04T01:40:50Z 2016
dc.identifier.citation Altschul, I., Lee, S.J., & Gershoff, E.T. (2016). Hugs, not hits: Warmth and spanking as predictors of child social competence. Journal of Marriage and Family, 78, 695-714. DOI: 10.1111/jomf.12306 en_US
dc.description.abstract Many parents believe that spanking is an effective way to promote children's positive behavior, yet few studies have examined spanking and the development of social competence. Using information from 3,279 families with young children who participated in a longitudinal study of urban families, this study tested competing hypotheses regarding whether maternal spanking or maternal warmth predicted increased social competence and decreased child aggression over time and which parent behavior was a stronger predictor of these changes. The frequency of maternal spanking was unrelated to maternal warmth. Findings from cross-lagged path models indicated that spanking was not associated with children's social competence, but spanking predicted increases in child aggression. Conversely, maternal warmth predicted children's greater social competence but was not associated with aggression. Warmth was a significantly stronger predictor of children's social competence than spanking, suggesting that warmth may be a more effective way to promote children's social competence than spanking. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject antisocial behavior en_US
dc.subject aggression en_US
dc.subject child discipline en_US
dc.subject child guidance en_US
dc.subject early childhood en_US
dc.subject Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing en_US
dc.subject mother–child relations en_US
dc.title Hugs, not hits: Warmth and spanking as predictors of child social competence en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Social Sciences (General)
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Social Sciences
dc.description.peerreviewed Peer Reviewed en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumcampus Ann Arbor en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurl Altschul Lee Gershoff JMF.pdf
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/jomf.12306
dc.identifier.source Journal of Marriage and Family en_US
dc.owningcollname Institute for Social Research (ISR)
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