Energy source, protein metabolism, and hunter-gatherer subsistence strategies

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dc.contributor.author Speth, John D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Spielmann, Katherine A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2006-04-07T18:44:23Z
dc.date.available 2006-04-07T18:44:23Z
dc.date.issued 1983-03 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Speth, John D., Spielmann, Katherine A. (1983/03)."Energy source, protein metabolism, and hunter-gatherer subsistence strategies." Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 2(1): 1-31. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/25268> en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WH6-4D5W6K4-W/2/e84dbbf18e9d0d66effb8f3b2c47744c en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/25268
dc.description.abstract During late winter and spring, hunter-gatherers in temperate, subarctic, and arctic environments often relied on diets that provided marginal or inadequate caloric intakes. During such periods, particularly when stored food supplies dwindled or were used up entirely, lean meat became the principal source of energy. Nutritional problems associated with high-protein, low-energy diets are discussed. These problems include elevated metabolic rates, with correspondingly higher caloric requirements, and deficiencies in essential fatty acids. The relative benefits of adding fat or carbohydrate to a diet of lean meat are evaluated in light of the protein-sparing capacities of these two nutrients. Experimental data indicate that although both enhance high-protein, low-energy diets, carbohydrate is a more effective supplement than fat. Given the nutritional inadequacies of a lean-meat diet, the paper concludes with a discussion of alternative subsistence strategies that increase the availability of carbohydrate or fat at the critical time of year. en_US
dc.format.extent 1967569 bytes
dc.format.extent 3118 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.title Energy source, protein metabolism, and hunter-gatherer subsistence strategies en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.robots IndexNoFollow en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Population and Demography en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Classical Studies en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Social Sciences en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Humanities en_US
dc.description.peerreviewed Peer Reviewed en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationum Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationother Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, USA en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/25268/1/0000711.pdf en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0278-4165(83)90006-5 en_US
dc.identifier.source Journal of Anthropological Archaeology en_US
dc.owningcollname Interdisciplinary and Peer-Reviewed
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