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The NN interaction in a quark model with quark-antiquark excitations

Fujiwara, Y.; Hecht, K. T.

Fujiwara, Y.; Hecht, K. T.

1985-11-11

Citation:Fujiwara, Y., Hecht, K. T. (1985/11/11)."The NN interaction in a quark model with quark-antiquark excitations." Nuclear Physics A 444(4): 541-578. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/25502>

Abstract: Quark-antiquark excitations inherent in the quark-gluon interaction have been incorporated into a quark model of the nucleon to study the effects of such excitations on the NN interaction within the framework of the resonating group method. The three-quark (3q) components of a single nucleon are augmented by () excitations with the 24 possible spin, isospin, color combinations for the energetically lowest p-wave relative motion function. Quark exchange kernels are then calculated for the two-nucleon system described by these improved nucleon internal functions; and these exchange kernels are converted to phase-shift-equivalent effective NN potentials by the Wigner-transform WKB technique. The off-shell qq pair-creation terms are derived from the one-gluon exchange diagrams in the Breit approximation in analogy with the derivation of the qq and qq potentials. The parameters of the interaction are chosen to be consistent with the experimental [Delta]-N mass difference, the nucleon-vector-meson coupling constants, and the nucleon magnetic moments. Within these constraints, the predicted amplitudes of the () components of the nucleon internal functions have been shown to be insensitive to the precise values of the model parameters. In particular, they pass the crucial test of being insensitive to very large changes in the magnitude of the confinement potential constant which is a necessary ingredient of the model. The qq excitations lead to the following effects in the S-wave NN potentials: (i) The repulsive core heights of the simple 3q-3q model are greatly reduced but retain their strong essentially linear energy dependence, with numerical values very similar to those of the short-range phenomenological terms of the Paris potential. (ii) The effective potentials have acquired an attractive part in the 0.8-1.5 fm range. However, this attraction is too weak to bind the deuteron or fit the extreme low-energy S-wave phase shifts.