Effects of chlorinated benzenes on diatom fatty acid composition and quantitative morphology. I. 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
Sicko-Goad, Linda; Lazinsky, Diane; Simmons, Milagros S.; Hall, Janet
Sicko-Goad, L.; Lazinsky, D.; Hall, J.; Simmons, M. S.; (1989). "Effects of chlorinated benzenes on diatom fatty acid composition and quantitative morphology. I. 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 18(5): 629-637. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/48069>
AbstractCells of the diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana were exposed in a closed system to 0.245 ppm 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene. Response to this chlorinated benzene was monitored over a period of 5 days by quantitative ultrastructure and fatty acid percent composition. Over the time period examined, 41 significant morphological changes and 12 significant changes in fatty acid composition were observed. Autophagic-like vacuoles were frequently observed, indicating lysis of cellular constituents. In general, there was an increase in the C20:5 fatty acid, which may be indicative of photosynthetic impairment, since this fatty acid probably substitutes for linolenic acid in diatoms. The most significant numbers of changes were observed after 8 hr of exposure to this lipophilic toxicant, and these changes occurred in membranous organelles. It is suggested that the daily photoperiodic variation in lipid content of phytoplankton may be an important consideration in evaluating effects of lipohilic toxicants.
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