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dc.contributor.authorEvans, Marlene S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNoguchi, George E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRice, Clifford P.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-09-11T19:44:18Z
dc.date.available2006-09-11T19:44:18Z
dc.date.issued1991-01en_US
dc.identifier.citationEvans, Marlene S.; Noguchi, George E.; Rice, Clifford P.; (1991). "The biomagnification of polychlorinated biphenyls, toxaphene, and DDT compounds in a Lake Michigan offshore food web." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 20(1): 87-93. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/48075>en_US
dc.identifier.issn1432-0703en_US
dc.identifier.issn0090-4341en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/48075
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=retrieve&db=pubmed&list_uids=1899993&dopt=citationen_US
dc.description.abstractThe biomagnification of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), toxaphene, and the DDT family of metabolites was investigated in the epibenthic Mysis relicta (mysid), the benthic Pontoporeia hoyi (amphipod), plankton, particulate flux, surficial sediments, and Myoxocephalus thompsoni (deepwater sculpin) in southeastern Lake Michigan. DDE was the most strongly biomagnified compound, increasing 28.7 times in average concentration from plankton to fish. PCB increased 12.9 times in average concentration from plankton to fish while toxaphene increased by an average factor of 4.7. Particle flux was comprised of lower chlorinated PCB homologues (average chlorine number=3.8) than the biota (4.5-5.0) and sediments (4.6), possibly reflecting strong influences from atmospheric deposition and/or Zooplankton egestion. The percent of higher chlorinated PCB homologues (5 and 6 chlorine atoms per PCB molecule) increased from 54–56% of the total PCB in plankton and M. relicta , to 61% in P. hoyi , to 74% in sculpins. Amphipods contained greater concentrations than mysids of PCB, DDT residues, and toxaphene, possibly reflecting differences in habitat (benthic vs epibenthic) and diet (detritus vs plankton). Based on estimates of average areal biomass and contaminant concentration, offshore Lake Michigan P. hoyi populations contain approximately 15.0 times as much toxaphene, 9.5 times as much total DDT, and 12.0 times as much PCB as the offshore M. relicta populations. Thus, amphipods may represent a greater reservoir than mysids for contaminant storage and subsequent recycling in offshore Lake Michigan.en_US
dc.format.extent942139 bytes
dc.format.extent3115 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherSpringer-Verlagen_US
dc.subject.otherTerrestrial Pollutionen_US
dc.subject.otherSoil Science & Conservationen_US
dc.subject.otherForestryen_US
dc.subject.otherAgricultureen_US
dc.subject.otherEcologyen_US
dc.subject.otherEnvironment, Generalen_US
dc.subject.otherEnvironmenten_US
dc.subject.otherWaste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollutionen_US
dc.subject.otherWaste Management/Waste Technologyen_US
dc.titleThe biomagnification of polychlorinated biphenyls, toxaphene, and DDT compounds in a Lake Michigan offshore food weben_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevelPublic Healthen_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevelHealth Sciencesen_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Revieweden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumCenter for Great Lakes and Aquatic Sciences, The University of Michigan, 48109, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; National Hydrology Research Institute, 11 Innovation Boulevard, S7N 3H5, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canadaen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumCenter for Great Lakes and Aquatic Sciences, The University of Michigan, 48109, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; Environmental Chemistry, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 20708, Laurel, Maryland, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumCenter for Great Lakes and Aquatic Sciences, The University of Michigan, 48109, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Fisheries Research Center-Great Lakes, 48105, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumcampusAnn Arboren_US
dc.identifier.pmid1899993en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurlhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/48075/1/244_2005_Article_BF01065333.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01065333en_US
dc.identifier.sourceArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicologyen_US
dc.owningcollnameInterdisciplinary and Peer-Reviewed


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