Shape and efficiency in spatial distribution networks
Gastner, Michael T.; Newman, M. E. J.
Gastner, Michael T; Newman, M E J (2006). "Shape and efficiency in spatial distribution networks." Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment. 01(P01015). <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/48938>
AbstractWe study spatial networks that are designed to distribute or collect a commodity, such as gas pipelines or train tracks. We focus on the cost of a network, as represented by the total length of all its edges, and its efficiency in terms of the directness of routes from point to point. Using data for several real-world examples, we find that distribution networks appear remarkably close to optimal where both these properties are concerned. We propose two models of network growth that offer explanations of how this situation might arise.
IOP Publishing Ltd
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