The safety potential of current and improved front fog lamps

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dc.contributor.author Flannagan, Michael J. en
dc.date.accessioned 2007-02-15T22:00:54Z
dc.date.available 2007-02-15T22:00:54Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier 95170 en
dc.identifier.other UMTRI-2001-40 en
dc.identifier.other PB2002-101218 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/49453
dc.description.abstract This document reviews various sources of evidence in an effort to evaluate the safety potential of current and improved front fog lamps. Crash data are reviewed to identify the specific safety consequences of fog, and studies of the visual effects of front fog lamps are reviewed. Finally, there is a discussion of the likely effects of current and improved front fog lamps on driver behavior and on overall safety. The conclusions are that there is very little evidence for a safety benefit from current front fog lamps relative to low beams, that there is little reason to expect that there would be a safety benefit even from improved lamps, and that, in terms of vehicle lighting, the most promising approach to improving safety in fog would be the use of rear fog lamps. In spite of a lack of evidence for safety benefits in fog, fog lamps are a popular optional form of forward lighting that many drivers apparently value. It may be that their main value is more as supplements to low-beam lighting for all conditions, rather than specifically in fog. Given the uncertainties in our present knowledge about how current fog lamps, and potential new fog lamps, affect vision and safety, it would be beneficial to learn more about those issues before adopting new standards for fog lamps, or retiring the current standards. One approach that seems particularly important would be studies that examine the possibly complex reactions of drivers to fog and fog lamps in terms of steering behavior, speed control, and decisions about where and when to risk driving in fog. A second area would be to do a more complete analysis than has yet been done of the crash data concerning fog, perhaps focusing specifically on the issue of how fog affects road-departure crashes.
dc.description.sponsorship Michigan University, Ann Arbor, Industry Affiliation Program for Human Factors in Transportation Safety en
dc.format ill., charts en
dc.format.extent iii, 16 en
dc.format.extent 107112 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English en
dc.publisher University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Transportation Research Institute en
dc.subject.other Lighting Systems/ Signal Systems en
dc.subject.other Front Lighting Systems en
dc.subject.other Rear Lighting Systems en
dc.subject.other Fog Lamps en
dc.subject.other Accident Statistics/ Accident Rates en
dc.subject.other Vision en
dc.subject.other Visibility en
dc.subject.other Driver-Vehicle Performance en
dc.subject.other Safety Measures en
dc.title The safety potential of current and improved front fog lamps en
dc.type Technical Report en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Transportation
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Engineering
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/49453/1/UMTRI-2001-40.pdf en_US
dc.owningcollname Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI)
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