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The alterations of tonus and movements through the interplay between the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum

dc.contributor.authorCrosby, Elizabeth C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Richard C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorde Jonge, Bud R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSzonyi, Paulen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-04-06T18:15:46Z
dc.date.available2007-04-06T18:15:46Z
dc.date.issued1966-06en_US
dc.identifier.citationCrosby, Elizabeth C.; Schneider, Richard C.; de Jonge, Bud R.; Szonyi, Paul (1966)."The alterations of tonus and movements through the interplay between the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum This work was performed in the Kresge Neurosurgical Research Laboratory. University of Michigan Meaical Center Ann Arbor. Michigan with the support of the U.S. Public Health Service grant NB 03620–04 and a United Cerebral Palsy Association of Michigan Grant. These grants have been greatly appreciated. Funds for publication of this manuscript have been provided by Mr. Alvin M. Bentley and by a grant from the Kresge Foundation. The authors wish to express their very sincere thanks for this aid. ." The Journal of Comparative Neurology 127(S1): 1-91. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/49991>en_US
dc.identifier.issn0021-9967en_US
dc.identifier.issn1096-9861en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/49991
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=retrieve&db=pubmed&list_uids=4958055&dopt=citationen_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper deals with the experimental production of involuntary movenients and abnormal tonus in macaques ( Macacu mulatta ) and their alterations in these animals and in children with cerebral palsy and other cerebral lesions. The first major subdivision of the paper has three parts. The first part describes the effects of lesions in the macaque cerebral hemispheres, ranging from a small destructive lesion in area 4 to an essentially complete bicortectomy. The case histories of a few patients document some of the results. The second part reports the effects of lesions in the macaque cerebellum ranging from small vermal injuries to complete cerebellectomies. The third part is concerned with successive lesions in the cerebellum and cerebral hemispheres of macaques and with planned cerebellar lesions in a few children with grave hypertonicity and marked involuntary movements. This subdivision is illustrated with photographs of the monkeys and the children at various stages of the procedures, photographs of many monkey brains at postmortem, and some photomicrographs showing lesions. The second major subdivision has a discussion of the anatomic and the physiologic bases for the experimental results obtained and for the operations on the children. It correlates the material presented with data from the literature and is illustrated with photomicrographs of degenerated tracts and with diagrams. The paper stresses the balancing of cerebral hemisphere and cerebellar discharges in the regulation of tonus and in the stabilizing of movements. It discusses the possibility of producing more effective tonus by making carefully planned lesions in cerebellar areas of animals or of children with highly handicapping hypertonicity.en_US
dc.format.extent10073995 bytes
dc.format.extent3118 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.publisherWiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Companyen_US
dc.subject.otherLife and Medical Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.otherNeuroscience, Neurology and Psychiatryen_US
dc.titleThe alterations of tonus and movements through the interplay between the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellumen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.robotsIndexNoFollowen_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevelNeurosciencesen_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevelHealth Sciencesen_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Revieweden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumNeurosurgical Research Laboratory, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgerg, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michiganen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumNeurosurgical Research Laboratory, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgerg, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michiganen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumNeurosurgical Research Laboratory, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgerg, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michiganen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumNeurosurgical Research Laboratory, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgerg, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michiganen_US
dc.identifier.pmid4958055en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurlhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/49991/1/901270502_ftp.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.901270502en_US
dc.identifier.sourceThe Journal of Comparative Neurologyen_US
dc.owningcollnameInterdisciplinary and Peer-Reviewed


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