Welfare Reform and Immigrant Participation in the Supplemental Security Income Program.
|dc.contributor.author||Davies, Paul S.|
|dc.contributor.author||Greenwood, Michael J.|
|dc.description.abstract||We examine the effect of the 1996 welfare reform legislation on participation in the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program by immigrants. Although none of the immigrants on the SSI rolls before welfare reform lost eligibility, the potential exists for future impacts on the SSI caseload and the well-being of recent immigrants. We use microdata files from the Social Security Administration’s Continuous Work History Sample matched to administrative data on SSI participation for the period 1993 to 1999. We estimate simple models of SSI participation and compare our results to the existing literature. We then estimate a series of difference-in-differences models of SSI participation. These models compare SSI participation by immigrants relative to nativeborn individuals, and among affected immigrants relative to unaffected immigrants and native-born individuals, before and after welfare reform. Descriptive results indicate that the percentage of immigrants and natives receiving SSI decreased after welfare reform, but by a larger percentage for natives than for immigrants. The probability of SSI participation decreased after welfare reform for immigrants who were affected by the legislation relative to immigrants who were unaffected. The difference-in-differences estimate is positive for immigrants relative to otherwise similar natives, but the estimated effect among affected immigrants is about half as large as the effect for unaffected immigrants. When the sample is limited to low earners as a proxy for the SSI means test, the results are qualitatively unchanged but quantitatively much stronger.||en|
|dc.description.sponsorship||Social Security Administration||en|
|dc.publisher||Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48104||en|
|dc.title||Welfare Reform and Immigrant Participation in the Supplemental Security Income Program.||en|
|dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel||Population and Demography|
|dc.contributor.affiliationother||Social Security Administration||en|
|dc.contributor.affiliationother||University of Colorado at Boulder||en|
|dc.owningcollname||Retirement and Disability Research Center, Michigan (MRDRC)|
Files in this item
Accessibility: If you are unable to use this file in its current format, please select the Contact Us link and we can modify it to make it more accessible to you.