The Black River: a comprehensive study of physical and chemical characteristics and their potential management implications.
Chitty, James D.; Gugg, Paul M.; Steinberg, Steven J.; Townsend, Stephen G.; Urioste, Jeoff A.
AbstractAn analysis of the Black River's biological and physicochemical characteristics was conducted for comparison to the model proposed by the river continuum theory. The theory specifies that the biological fauna, physical characteristics and chemical composition observed, are reflected in river order changes in terms of the presence, absence, or density of producer and consumer communities. The study reflected consistencies between the model and observed physical parameters and chemical attributes, but biological indicators were less corroborating. Physical characteristics such as temperature, depth, width, velocity, discharge, and suspended sediments increased with river mile and trends in the data became apparent. Chemical factors such as nitrates, dissolved oxygen, pH, alkalinity, and hardness, though not as clearly conclusive, show a gradient associated with river order transition. Biological indicators were not as conclusive in supporting the river continuum theory since there was no representation of shredders in the headwaters and predatory species were found at most sites. Management issues of the Black River address the control of soil erosion, species composition, and sedimentation as well as maintaining water temperature.
Nat. Res. Problem Solving
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