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Communication between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae).

dc.contributor.authorDe Joy, Paten_US
dc.coverage.spatialUMBS Campusen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-06-14T22:05:52Z
dc.date.available2007-06-14T22:05:52Z
dc.date.issued1993en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/54423
dc.description.abstractCommunication is a signal exchange between organisms that results in a mutually adaptive change in behavior. I investigated whether communication occurs between ant and aphids in ant-tended aphid colonies on a Populus balsamifera L. sapling at UMBS. Individual aphids were monitored to determine the sequence and frequency of behavioral interactions with attending ants. Sequence analysis showed that two-act behavioral transitions were significantly non random. A five-act sequence of discrete interactions (involving honeydew feeding by an ant initiated by the aphid raising its legs and abdomen) occurred in 69.2% of the replicates (n=13). Production rate of honeydew by the aphids significantly decreased when ants were removed (t = 3.707, P = 0.0025, df = 14.3) and aphids were seen to handle honeydew differently in those colonies. These results indicate that signal exchange takes place between the ants and aphids found in these colonies. This exchange results in a change in behavior that is, most likely, beneficial to both organisms.en_US
dc.format.extent195302 bytes
dc.format.extent3144 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.relation.haspartTable of Numbersen_US
dc.subjectAnimal Behavioren_US
dc.subject.classificationAspenen_US
dc.subject.otherINVERTEBRATESen_US
dc.subject.otherINSECTSen_US
dc.subject.otherHYMENOPTERAen_US
dc.subject.otherHOMOPTERAen_US
dc.subject.otherAPHIDSen_US
dc.subject.otherANTSen_US
dc.subject.otherBEHAVIORen_US
dc.subject.otherCOMMUNICATIONen_US
dc.subject.otherPOPULUSen_US
dc.titleCommunication between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae).en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevelNatural Resource and Environmenten_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevelScienceen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumBiological Station, University of Michiganen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumcampusAnn Arboren_US
dc.description.bitstreamurlhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/54423/1/2860.pdfen_US
dc.description.filedescriptionDescription of 2860.pdf : Access restricted to on-site users at the U-M Biological Station.en_US
dc.owningcollnameBiological Station, University of Michigan (UMBS)


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