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dc.contributor.authorMiyaguchi, Takaakien_US
dc.coverage.spatialUMBS Campusen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-06-14T23:11:56Z
dc.date.available2007-06-14T23:11:56Z
dc.date.issued2000en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/54900
dc.description.abstractThe basic idea of mutualistic relationship is that different kinds of organisms benefit each other. Ants and aphids build this relationship. Ants can obtain the only stationary and immediately renewable food source, honeydew. Aphids, in turn, can have their environment protected, so that their fitness increases. I tested whether ants show protective behavior with the presence of aphids, and whether there is a difference of ant behaviors between when with and without predators, Coleomegilla maculata and Chrysoperla carneia. I selected six shoots of milkweed, which were colonized by both ants and aphids, near UMBS, Pellston, northern Michigan. After introducing a predator at a time to a plant, I counted the times of events occurred, categorizing each event to either protective or non-protective behavior. Ant behavior was primarily protective toward aphids population. This result may represent the clear evidence that ants protect aphids regularly in exchange of the benefit that they obtain from this mutualistic relationship.en_US
dc.format.extent371280 bytes
dc.format.extent3144 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.relation.haspartGraphen_US
dc.subjectGeneral Ecologyen_US
dc.subject.otherINVERTEBRATESen_US
dc.subject.otherINSECTSen_US
dc.subject.otherHYMENOPTERAen_US
dc.subject.otherHOMOPTERAen_US
dc.subject.otherBEHAVIORen_US
dc.subject.otherFORAGINGen_US
dc.subject.otherBEETLESen_US
dc.titleAnt's protective behavior toward aphids: an implication of mutualistic relationship.en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevelNatural Resource and Environmenten_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevelScienceen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumBiological Station, University of Michiganen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumcampusAnn Arboren_US
dc.description.bitstreamurlhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/54900/1/3341.pdfen_US
dc.description.filedescriptionDescription of 3341.pdf : Access restricted to on-site users at the U-M Biological Station.en_US
dc.owningcollnameBiological Station, University of Michigan (UMBS)


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