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Factors influencing provisioning sites of parasitic Hymenoptera.

dc.contributor.authorSchapiro, Laurenen_US
dc.coverage.spatialUMBS Campusen_US
dc.coverage.spatialUMBS Stationen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-06-14T23:29:35Z
dc.date.available2007-06-14T23:29:35Z
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55028
dc.description.abstractThere has been a considerable amount of effort in understanding the dynamics of parasitoid-host interactions. Parasitic Hymenoptera are numerous, diverse, economically important, and ecologically signficant throughout the world, but there is not very much known about the community structure, geographic range, environmental requirements, host specificity, and behavior of most species. The goal for this experiment was to investigate some factors that these parasitoids use in selecting provisioning sites. This experiment was designed to test factors including habitat preference, hole size, and directional positioning by using wooden blocks as artificial substrates. Two hundred seventy-seven sticks measuring 6 x 3/4 x 3/4 inches with holes drilled through the longitudinal center were evenly placed along the edge of Douglas Lake, Cheboygan County, Michigan and along the hilltop of UMBS. These sticks were placed in three different directions, North - South, East - West, and vertical to test if directional positioning was a factor in provisioning preference. Our results showed that there was a significant preference for provisioning sites in the wood's-edge location, but there was no statistical significance in provisioning preferences for directional positioning or hole size within the substrate. This data agrees with past research stating that parasitic hymenoptera prefer less windy and less wet habitats. This study should be used as a foundation for future research in the area on parasitoid provisioning sites because there are several ways in which this experiment can be improved in the future.en_US
dc.format.extent1852945 bytes
dc.format.extent3144 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.relation.haspartGraphen_US
dc.relation.haspartPhotographen_US
dc.relation.haspartTable of Numbersen_US
dc.subjectParasitologyen_US
dc.subject.otherINVERTEBRATESen_US
dc.subject.otherINSECTSen_US
dc.subject.otherPARASITESen_US
dc.subject.otherHYMENOPTERAen_US
dc.subject.otherHABITATen_US
dc.subject.otherANALYSISen_US
dc.subject.otherARTIFICIALen_US
dc.subject.otherSUBSTRATESen_US
dc.titleFactors influencing provisioning sites of parasitic Hymenoptera.en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevelNatural Resource and Environmenten_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevelScienceen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumBiological Station, University of Michiganen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumcampusAnn Arboren_US
dc.description.bitstreamurlhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/55028/1/3470.pdfen_US
dc.description.filedescriptionDescription of 3470.pdf : Access restricted to on-site users at the U-M Biological Station.en_US
dc.owningcollnameBiological Station, University of Michigan (UMBS)


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