Model-based analysis and design of a microchannel reactor for tissue engineering
Mehta, Khamir H.; Linderman, Jennifer J.
Mehta, Khamir; Linderman, Jennifer J. (2006). "Model-based analysis and design of a microchannel reactor for tissue engineering." Biotechnology and Bioengineering 94(3): 596-609. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55218>
AbstractRecently developed perfusion micro-bioreactors offer the promise of more physiologic in vitro systems for tissue engineering. Successful application of such bioreactors will require a method to characterize the bioreactor environment required to elicit desired cell function. We present a mathematical model to describe nutrient/growth factor transport and cell growth inside a microchannel bioreactor. Using the model, we first show that the nature of spatial gradients in nutrient concentration can be controlled by both design and operating conditions and are a strong function of cell uptake rates. Next, we extend our model to investigate the spatial distributions of cell-secreted soluble autocrine/paracrine growth factors in the bioreactor. We show that the convective transport associated with the continuous cell culture and possible media recirculation can significantly alter the concentration distribution of the soluble signaling molecules as compared to static culture experiments and hence needs special attention when adapting static culture protocols for the bioreactor. Further, using an unsteady state model, we find that spatial gradients in nutrient/growth factor concentrations can bring about spatial variations in the cell density distribution inside the bioreactor, which can result in lowered working volume of the bioreactor. Finally, we show that the nutrient and spatial limitations can dramatically affect the composition of a co-cultured cell population. Our results are significant for the development, design, and optimization of novel micro-channel systems for tissue engineering. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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