Do Personality Differences Explain the Gender Pay Gap? Evidence from Three Transition Economies

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dc.contributor.author Semykina, Anastasia
dc.contributor.author Linz, Susan
dc.date 2007-04
dc.date.accessioned 2007-09-13T19:47:09Z
dc.date.available 2007-09-13T19:47:09Z
dc.date.issued 2007-09-13T19:47:09Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/55765
dc.description.abstract We use data from an employee survey conducted in Russia, Armenia and Kazakhstan to study the contribution of gender differences in personality to gender differences in pay. In particular, we focus on the influence of locus of control (LOC) because there is evidence from studies conducted in developed market economies suggesting that individuals with an internal LOC (i.e. those who believe that their success is determined by own actions) demonstrate greater initiative and better performance than individuals with an external LOC (i.e. those who believe that their success is determined by external forces). Similar to these studies, we find that among the participants of our survey, men are more likely to exhibit an internal LOC, while women are more likely to have an external LOC. Gender differences in LOC are particularly large among Russian employees, while very small in the Kazakhstan sample. Additionally, we find that an internal LOC is associated with higher pay for both male and female participants of the Armenian and Russian surveys. In Kazakhstan, the estimated effects of LOC are positive, but small and very noisy. The results from the Oaxaca-Blinder-Neumark wage gap decomposition show that among the participants of the surveys, gender differences in LOC explain 5.5% of the gender pay gap in Armenia, 7% of the gap in Russia, and 2.7% of the gap in Kazakhstan. We suggest possible explanations for the observed cross-country differences and discuss policy implications. en_US
dc.format.extent 194021 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries IPC Working Paper Series No. 51 en_US
dc.subject Personality; Locus of control; Earnings; Gender wage gap; Armenia;Kazakhstan; Russia en_US
dc.subject.other A12, J31, J71, P52 en_US
dc.title Do Personality Differences Explain the Gender Pay Gap? Evidence from Three Transition Economies en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Social Sciences
dc.contributor.affiliationum International Policy Center (IPC); Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationother Florida State University en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationother Michigan State University en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumcampus Ann Arbor
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/55765/1/AKR_WageGap.pdf en_US
dc.owningcollname International Policy Center (IPC) - Working Paper Series
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