Supermarkets other food stores and obesity

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dc.contributor.author Morland, K.
dc.contributor.author Diez Roux, Ana V.
dc.contributor.author Wing, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-01-24T20:11:49Z
dc.date.available 2008-01-24T20:11:49Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.citation Am J Prev Med Volume 30, Issue 4, April 2006, Pages 333-339 <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/57754> en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/57754
dc.description.abstract Background Obesity is a leading public health concern, and although environmental factors have been hypothesized to play a role in the prevention of obesity, little empirical data exist to document their effects. The purpose of this study was to examine whether characteristics of the local food environment are associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Methods A cross-sectional study of men and women participating in the third visit (1993–1995) of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study was conducted in 2004. The analyses included 10,763 ARIC participants residing in one of the 207 eligible census tracts located in the four ARIC-defined geographic areas. Names and addresses of food stores located in Mississippi, North Carolina, Maryland, and Minnesota were obtained from departments of agriculture. Multilevel modeling was used to calculate prevalence ratios of the associations between the presence of specific types of food stores and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Results The presence of supermarkets was associated with a lower prevalence of obesity and overweight (obesity prevalence ratio [PR]=0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.75–0.92; overweight PR=0.94, 95% CI=0.90–0.98), and the presence of convenience stores was associated with a higher prevalence of obesity and overweight (obesity PR=1.16, 95% CI=1.05–1.27; overweight PR=1.06, 95% CI=1.02–1.10). Associations for diabetes, high serum cholesterol, and hypertension were not consistently observed. Conclusions Results from this study suggest that characteristics of local food environments may play a role in the prevention of overweight and obesity. en_US
dc.format.extent 97430 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Journal of Preventive Medicine en_US
dc.title Supermarkets other food stores and obesity en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Public Health
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Health Sciences
dc.contributor.affiliationum Epidemiology, Department of en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationumcampus Ann Arbor en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/57754/1/Supermarkets other food stores and obesity.pdf en_US
dc.owningcollname Epidemiology, Department of (SPH)
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