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The economics of road safety: an international perspective

dc.contributor.authorMcManus, W. S.en
dc.date.accessioned2008-10-17T19:55:35Z
dc.date.availableNO_RESTRICTIONen
dc.date.available2008-10-17T19:55:35Z
dc.date.issued2007-10
dc.identifier99864en
dc.identifier.otherUMTRI-2007-23en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/61190
dc.description.abstractThis report examines some recent explanations for the rising road fatality rates in developing countries. A key insight of these recent studies is that road fatalities per capita follow a Kuznets curve (an inverted-U shaped pattern with rising income per capita). The rising fatalities per capita in developing countries can be expected to reach a peak and then fall. However, if present trends continue, the already high fatality rates in developing countries could rise for several years before peaking. The report adopts the road fatalities Kuznets curve as a framework, and decomposes the per capita fatality rate into two terms that are multiplied together: vehicles per capita and fatalities per vehicle. Reducing either term, holding the other fixed, would lower fatalities per capita. Reducing motorization (vehicles per capita) is unlikely to be used as a policy to reduce fatalities because it is inextricably linked to economic growth. Consequently, the focus should be on reducing fatalities per vehicle. The report concludes with an economic analysis of the costs and benefits of using new vehicle technologies to reduce fatalities per vehicle in developing countries. To illustrate potential benefits, the report estimates the number of lives that could be saved in China and India as functions of the rate of improvement in fatalities per vehicle.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe University of Michigan Strategic Worldwide Transportation 2020en
dc.format.extent21en
dc.format.extent307634 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.publisherUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Transportation Research Instituteen
dc.subject.otherSocioeconomic Characteristicsen
dc.subject.otherEconomicsen
dc.subject.otherDeveloping Countriesen
dc.subject.otherFatal Injuriesen
dc.subject.otherMathematical Analysisen
dc.subject.otherChinaen
dc.subject.otherIndiaen
dc.titleThe economics of road safety: an international perspectiveen
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevelTransportation
dc.subject.hlbtoplevelEngineering
dc.description.bitstreamurlhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/61190/1/99864.pdf
dc.owningcollnameTransportation Research Institute (UMTRI)


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