Structural Evaluation and Life Cycle Assessment of a Transparent Composite Facade System using Biofiber Composites and Recyclable Polymers.

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dc.contributor.author Kim, Kyoung-Hee en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-01-07T16:31:25Z
dc.date.available NO_RESTRICTION en_US
dc.date.available 2010-01-07T16:31:25Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.date.submitted en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/64749
dc.description.abstract A composite façade system concept was developed at the University of Michigan by Professor Harry Giles that considered the use of various transparent and composite materials in building construction. Particular aspects of this transparent composite façade system (TCFS) were investigated in this dissertation and involved the use of recyclable polymers and biofiber composites. This dissertation addresses research questions related to structural and environmental performance of the transparent composite façade system (TCFS) compared to a glass curtain wall system (GCWS). In order to better understand the context for the TCFS and establish performance evaluation methods, an extensive literature review was conducted focusing on material performance, structural performance requirements, life cycle assessment (LCA) techniques, composite panel principles, product surveys and building codes. Structural design criteria were established for the TCFS with respect to the strength and stiffness requirements of the International Building Code (IBC). A new testing frame was fabricated and installed at the architectural department of the University of Michigan to conduct static and impact tests in accordance with Safety Performance Specifications and Methods of Test (ANSI Z97.1). Initial static tests were carried out to measure bending stiffness of TCFS specimens in order to compare the results with theoretical predictions. Impact tests were also carried out to examine whether TCFS specimens conformed to the safety glazing criteria specified in ANSI Z97.1. In addition, a comparative LCA of a TCFS and a GCWS was performed on each system to assess their respective environmental implications. Structural testing results indicated that the bending stiffness according to simple beam theory is in agreement with measured stiffness under two-edge supported conditions. Impact tests demonstrated that TCFS specimens satisfy the Class B of the safety glazing requirements of ANSI Z97.1. Comparative LCA results showed that the total life cycle energy of the TCFS was estimated to be 93% of that of the uncoated GCWS and the total emission of kg CO2 equivalent for the TCFS was determined as 89% of the uncoated GCWS. The impact associated with transportation and the end-of-life management was estimated to be insignificant in this study. en_US
dc.format.extent 4403679 bytes
dc.format.extent 1373 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/octet-stream
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Transparent Composite Facade System Using Biofiber Composites and Recyclable Polymer en_US
dc.subject Glass Curtain Wall System en_US
dc.subject Flexural Test and Human Body Impact Test en_US
dc.subject Comparative Life Cycle Assessment en_US
dc.title Structural Evaluation and Life Cycle Assessment of a Transparent Composite Facade System using Biofiber Composites and Recyclable Polymers. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreename Ph.D. en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreediscipline Architecture en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreegrantor University of Michigan, Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Giles, Harry en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Robertson, Richard E. en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Keoleian, Gregory A. en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Wineman, Jean D. en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Architecture en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Arts en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/64749/1/kyoungk_1.pdf
dc.owningcollname Dissertations and Theses (Ph.D. and Master's)
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