Review of methods for studying pre-crash factors. Final report.

Show simple item record Haight, F. en_US Joksch, H. en_US O'Day, J. en_US Waller, P. en_US Stutts, J. en_US Reinfurt, D. en_US 2010-01-21T19:06:56Z NO_RESTRICTION en_US 2010-01-21T19:06:56Z 1976-05
dc.identifier Accession Number: 35996 en_US
dc.identifier.other DOT/HS 802 054 en_US
dc.identifier.other DOT-HS-4-00897 en_US
dc.description 34 ref. charts. graph. en_US
dc.description.abstract Considerable effort has been expended particularly over the previous decade in the area of examining pre-crash factors in an attempt at developing appropriate highway safety countermeasures. This report summarizes the review of this field by a select panel of highway safety researchers and includes recommendations for NHTSA-sponsored research in accident causation over the next several years. After attempting to clarify the significance of the “cause” of an accident, the report outlines various approaches to accident causation research and indicates the relevant data needs. The extent and type of exposure information required is addressed. A detailed critique of the major research efforts in this field is provided. This critique centers mainly on the work done by Indiana University, Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Inc., Operations Research, Inc., and the University of Miami. Finally, short and long-range recommendations for NHTSA-sponsored research are presented. These include in general utilizing the NASS system to the fullest extent possible. Several specific studies recommended include: examination of data needs; survey of the possible existence of this required data; exploration of various alternative approaches to data collection (e.g. simulation); establishing appropriate quantifiers (e.g., what defines “following too closely”); determining exposure requirements; upgrading the statistical techniques utilized in this field; ascertaining the effectiveness of various countermeasures; and examining alternative information retrieval systems. In addition, several small open-ended research contracts for just plain “thinking about” accident causation methodology were recommended. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, D.C. en_US
dc.format.extent 102 en_US
dc.format.extent 36198958 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher North Carolina University, Chapel Hill, Highway Safety Research Center en_US
dc.subject.other Countermeasures Programs en_US
dc.subject.other Databases/ Data Banks en_US
dc.subject.other Exposure/ Risk en_US
dc.subject.other Sampling en_US
dc.subject.other Data Analysis en_US
dc.subject.other Accident Causation/ Accident Patterns en_US
dc.subject.other Accident Investigations en_US
dc.title Review of methods for studying pre-crash factors. Final report. en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Transportation
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Engineering
dc.owningcollname Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI)
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