Acceptance and Quality of Solutions as Related to Leaders' Attitudes toward Disagreement in Group Problem Solving

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dc.contributor.author Maier, Norman en_US
dc.contributor.author Hoffman, L. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-13T19:05:18Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-13T19:05:18Z
dc.date.issued 1965 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Maier, Norman; Hoffman, L. (1965). "Acceptance and Quality of Solutions as Related to Leaders' Attitudes toward Disagreement in Group Problem Solving." The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 1(4): 373-386. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/67039> en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0021-8863 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/67039
dc.description.abstract An experiment was designed to test the hypotheses that (1) disagreement in a discussion can lead either to hard feelings or to innovation depending upon the attitude of the discussion leader; and (2) acceptance will depend upon the leader's perception of disagreement as well as upon the decision reached. The test situation utilized a role-playing format in which a foreman attempted to induce three subordinates to accept a change in work methods. Measures of the negative vs. positive effects of disagreement were obtained by the frequency with which the discussion leader reported having problem employees vs. idea men in his group. The results showed that when the foreman most often reported having problem employees, solutions were least likely to be innovative and acceptance was relatively low. When the foreman perceived his subordinates as idea men, innovative solutions increased and satisfaction with the solution was greatest for all concerned, despite the fact that all persons involved had to change their initial positions. Although previous research has indicated that satisfaction is a function of influence over the decision, regardless of its quality, this experiment supplies evidence that the quality of the solution can introduce a further source of satisfaction. This occurs when a solution is one that resolves differences and integrates differing viewpoints to form a new and better product. en_US
dc.format.extent 3108 bytes
dc.format.extent 1186481 bytes
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.publisher Sage Publications en_US
dc.title Acceptance and Quality of Solutions as Related to Leaders' Attitudes toward Disagreement in Group Problem Solving en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Management en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Psychology en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Economics en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Business en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Social Sciences en_US
dc.description.peerreviewed Peer Reviewed en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationum Department of Psychology The University of Michigan en_US
dc.contributor.affiliationother Graduate School of Business The University of Chicago en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/67039/2/10.1177_002188636500100406.pdf
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/002188636500100406 en_US
dc.identifier.source The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Hoffman, L. R., Burke, R. J., & Maier, N. R. F. Participation, influence, and satisfaction among members of problem-solving groups. Psychol. Rep., 1965, 16, 661-667. en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Hoffman, L. R., Harburg, E., & Maier, N. R. F. Differences and disagreements as factors in creative group problem solving. I. abnorm. soc. Psychol., 1962, 64, 206-214. en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Maier, N. R. F. The quality of group decisions as influenced by the discussion leader. Human Relat., 1950, 3, 155-174. en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Maier, N. R. F. Principles of human relations. New York: Wiley, 1952. en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Maier, N. R. F. An experimental test of the effect of training on discussion leadership. Human Relat., 1953, 6, 161-173. en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Maier, N. R. F. The appraisal interview. New York: Wiley, 1958. en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Maier, N. R. F. Problem-solving discussions and conferences. New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 1963. en_US
dc.identifier.citedreference Maier, N. R. F., & Hoffman, L. R. Organization and creative problem solving. J. appl. Psychol., 1961, 45, 277-280. en_US
dc.owningcollname Interdisciplinary and Peer-Reviewed
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