Global Lithium Availability: A Constraint for Electric Vehicles

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dc.contributor.author Medina, Pablo
dc.contributor.author Gruber, Paul
dc.contributor.advisor Keoleian, Gregory
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-16T16:35:25Z
dc.date.available NO_RESTRICTION en_US
dc.date.available 2010-04-16T16:35:25Z
dc.date.issued 2010-04
dc.date.submitted 2010-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/69226
dc.description.abstract There is disagreement on whether the supply of lithium is adequate to support a future global fleet of electric vehicles. We report a comprehensive analysis of the global lithium resources and an assessment of the global lithium demand from 2010 to 2100, assuming rapid and widespread adoption of electric vehicles. Several estimates of global lithium resources have been published recently, and they reach very different conclusions. For this study we compiled data on 103 deposits containing lithium, with an emphasis on the 35 deposits containing more than 100,000 tonnes of lithium. For each deposit, where available, data were compiled on its location, type, area, thickness, grade, porosity, density, quantity of lithium and other recoverable products, evaporation rate (for brines), impurities, and production volume. Lithium demand was estimated under two growth scenarios for electric vehicles and other current battery and non-battery applications. The global lithium resource is estimated to be over 38 Mt (million tonnes) while the highest demand scenario does not exceed 24 Mt. We conclude that even with a rapid and widespread adoption of electric vehicles powered by lithium-ion batteries the lithium resources are sufficient to support demand until at least 2100. en_US
dc.format.extent 3040974 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Lithium en_US
dc.subject Availability en_US
dc.subject Supply en_US
dc.subject Demand en_US
dc.subject Electric Vehicles en_US
dc.title Global Lithium Availability: A Constraint for Electric Vehicles en_US
dc.type Practicum en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreename Master of Science en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreediscipline Natural Resources and Environment en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreegrantor University of Michigan en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Kesler, Steve
dc.identifier.uniqname pmedina en_US
dc.identifier.uniqname pgruber en_US
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/69226/1/Global Lithium Availability - Paul Gruber & Pablo Medina.pdf
dc.owningcollname Dissertations and Theses (Ph.D. and Master's)
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