F010: Koca Ören Olive Oil Factory Settlement

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dc.contributor.author Aphrodisias Regional Survey en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-24T18:57:41Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-24T18:57:41Z
dc.date.issued 2008-05-22 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Page reference: Christopher Ratté and Peter D. De Staebler (eds.). Aphrodisias V. The Aphrodisias Regional Survey (Verlag Philipp von Zabern: Darmstadt/Mainz, 2012), 26, 81, 82, 84, 85; 207, 219, 220, 221, 230, 396 - Book catalogue no.: Pottery cat. 11; Olive Oil cat. 7. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/93004> en_US
dc.identifier.other F010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/93004
dc.description Local Name: Koca Ören en_US
dc.description Latitude: en_US
dc.description Longitude: en_US
dc.description Elevation: 866.6m en_US
dc.description Dimensions: approximately 220 m by 180 m en_US
dc.description Description: The ruins of the substantial settlement at Koca Ören are located in the southern foothills of Avdan Dağı, on the northeastern edge of the plateau of the southwest of the Morsynus river valley, approximately 1.4 km east of the modern village of Tekeliler. The site measures about 220 m by 180 m. The preserved parts of the site occupy a limestone outcropping, and the local stone was used for much of the building material and the surviving press elements (B048). ** A large building at the center of the site measures approximately 150 m by 120 m; the structure was originally larger, however, and has been damaged on the east, south, and west sides by modern field construction. The building consists of numerous small rooms surrounding a large cistern (B047). Full or partial outlines of at least 30 rooms survive, and all the walls are built of small limestone blocks. Wall blocks seen to the southeast of the better-preserved rooms suggest the building may have continued farther in that direction beyond the cistern. Eleven socket blocks, two crushing basins, one grinding stone, and one counterweight block were recorded at the site. The socket blocks are all located along the lines of walls. Two remain in situ in the walls of rooms on the northwest part of the site, while others have fallen with the walls. Soil accumulation has apparently buried most of the associated counterweight blocks and press beds. The only counterweight block seen at the site, apparently still in situ, was in fact revealed in a robber's pit in one of the press rooms. The presence of 11 socket blocks, 10 of which are clearly associated with a distinct press room and one dug up from a separate part of the complex, suggests that the complex contained no fewer than 11 full presses. The socket blocks at Koca Ören all appear to have been made from the local limestone, and the sockets are roughly uniform in size, ranging in height from 0.40 m to 0.50 m and in width from 0.30 m to 0.35 m. These dimensions are larger than average; the sockets at other sites on the southwest plateau and in the Morsynus river valley tend to be similar in width but not more than approximately 0.40 m tall. ** A number of marble architectural fragments were found in and around the building, including marble paving slabs and two fluted column capitals (F011), both badly damaged. One of the walls is constructed of white marble petit appareil blocks, and it is possible that the marble slabs, capitals, and blocks are all reused from a single structure nearby, perhaps a tomb, sanctuary building, or monumental residence. ** The low ground visibility and resulting collection of a relatively small number of sherds make the precise dating of this site difficult. Very little pottery was discovered at the site apart from pithos fragments within the looted press room. Pottery collected from the surrounding fields generally suggests occupation throughout the Roman period. In addition to the local TMW, both the earlier and later local cookware fabrics are present, as well as a darker coarse micaceous ware tentatively identified as Byzantine. If this is the case, the period of use would be a long one, stretching from perhaps the first century to the sixth or seventh century A.D. ** The large scale of the olive processing carried out here and the unified structure of the building surrounding a large central cistern suggest that it is an olive oil factory associated either with a large estate or with a village whose collective economy was based on olive oil production. en_US
dc.description Finds: Finds were sparse and not helpful in refining the date of occupation of the site, which perhaps extended from the 1st c through the 6th/7th c AD. ** Systematic pottery collection conducted 22-May-2008 en_US
dc.relation B047, B048, F011 en_US
dc.subject Settlements en_US
dc.subject 4: Roman en_US
dc.subject 5: Late Roman en_US
dc.title F010: Koca Ören Olive Oil Factory Settlement en_US
dc.type Other en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Archaeology en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Social Sciences en_US
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dc.owningcollname Aphrodisias Regional Survey
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