Why is road safety in the U.S. not on par with Sweden, the U.K., and the Netherlands? Lessons to be learned

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dc.contributor.author Luoma, Juha en_US
dc.contributor.author Sivak, Michael en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-08T19:16:42Z
dc.date.available NO_RESTRICTION en_US
dc.date.available 2013-01-08T19:16:42Z
dc.date.issued 2013-01
dc.identifier Accession Number: 102922 en_US
dc.identifier.other UMTRI-2013-1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/95704
dc.description.abstract This study compared road safety and related factors in the U.S. with those in Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands, in order to identify actions most likely to produce casualty reductions in the U.S. The reviewed topics were basic country statistics, road fatalities and various fatality rates, national road-safety strategies, and selected road-safety issues. The main differences concerned structural and cultural factors (such as vehicle distance driven), and procedural factors (such as road-safety strategies and targets, alcohol-impaired driving, exceeding speed limits, and use of seat belts). The main recommendations for improving road safety in the U.S. are as follows: (1) lower states’ BAC limits to 0.5 g/l and introduce effective random breath testing, (2) reexamine the current speed-limit policies and improve speed enforcement, (3) implement primary seat-belt-wearing laws in each state that would cover both front and rear occupants, and reward vehicle manufacturers for installation of advanced seat-belt reminders, (4) reconsider road-safety target setting so that the focus is on reducing fatalities and not on reducing fatality rate per distance driven, and (5) consider new strategies to reduce vehicle distance driven. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The University of Michigan Sustainable Worldwide Transportation en_US
dc.format.extent 32 en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Transportation Research Institute en_US
dc.subject.other Traffic Safety en_US
dc.subject.other Highway Safety en_US
dc.subject.other Blood Alcohol Levels en_US
dc.subject.other Seat Belts en_US
dc.title Why is road safety in the U.S. not on par with Sweden, the U.K., and the Netherlands? Lessons to be learned en_US
dc.type Technical Report en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Transportation
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Engineering
dc.description.bitstreamurl http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/95704/1/102922.pdf
dc.owningcollname Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI)
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