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Linear array of photodiodes to track a human speaker for video recording

dc.contributor.authorDeTone, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNeal, H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLougheed, R.en_US
dc.identifier.citationDeTone, D.; Neal, H.; Lougheed, R. (2012). "Linear array of photodiodes to track a human speaker for video recording." Journal of Physics: Conference Series 396(6): 62005. <>en_US
dc.description.abstractCommunication and collaboration using stored digital media has garnered more interest by many areas of business, government and education in recent years. This is due primarily to improvements in the quality of cameras and speed of computers. An advantage of digital media is that it can serve as an effective alternative when physical interaction is not possible. Video recordings that allow for viewers to discern a presenter's facial features, lips and hand motions are more effective than videos that do not. To attain this, one must maintain a video capture in which the speaker occupies a significant portion of the captured pixels. However, camera operators are costly, and often do an imperfect job of tracking presenters in unrehearsed situations. This creates motivation for a robust, automated system that directs a video camera to follow a presenter as he or she walks anywhere in the front of a lecture hall or large conference room. Such a system is presented. The system consists of a commercial, off-the-shelf pan/tilt/zoom (PTZ) color video camera, a necklace of infrared LEDs and a linear photodiode array detector. Electronic output from the photodiode array is processed to generate the location of the LED necklace, which is worn by a human speaker. The computer controls the video camera movements to record video of the speaker. The speaker's vertical position and depth are assumed to remain relatively constant– the video camera is sent only panning (horizontal) movement commands. The LED necklace is flashed at 70Hz at a 50% duty cycle to provide noise-filtering capability. The benefit to using a photodiode array versus a standard video camera is its higher frame rate (4kHz vs. 60Hz). The higher frame rate allows for the filtering of infrared noise such as sunlight and indoor lighting–a capability absent from other tracking technologies. The system has been tested in a large lecture hall and is shown to be effective.en_US
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen_US
dc.titleLinear array of photodiodes to track a human speaker for video recordingen_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Revieweden_US
dc.identifier.sourceJournal of Physics: Conference Seriesen_US
dc.owningcollnamePhysics, Department of

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