Civil Society Organizations and the Protection of Sub-­Saharan Africa’s Colonial Railways: The Case of Madagascar’s Fianarantsoa-­Côte Est Railway.

Show simple item record Kolozsvari, Douglas A. en_US 2013-09-24T16:02:24Z NO_RESTRICTION en_US 2013-09-24T16:02:24Z 2013 en_US 2013 en_US
dc.description.abstract Colonial-era railways support the life needs of many communities and households in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Although the end of colonial rule removed some justifications used for their construction, as well as resources that supported these lines’ infrastructure and operations, these railways still serve millions of people. Despite the important role they play in this infrastructure-poor region, a lack of resources has left many lines in various states of disrepair. Complicating efforts to maintain railway service, international development institutions (IDIs) have repeatedly relied on a relatively narrow economic rationality and loan conditions to ensure governments stop supporting underperforming lines either by closing or privatizing them. The case of a colonial-built Fianarantsoa-Côte Est Railway (FCE) in Madagascar, which has faced closure numerous times from various causes, provides insight into how effectively railway supporters can organize, support, and frame their arguments to preserve service. This case was also selected because the presence of civil society organizations (CSOs) dedicated to protecting the FCE was unique. The findings show that the main CSO dedicated to protecting the FCE helped build ownership for the line among the local population and users based on its heritage value. This heritage was based largely on the sacrifice of ancestors who built the line – a trait the FCE shares with other colonial-era railways in SSA. The resulting sense of solidarity, and activities in which they participated, curbed farming practices that threatened the line’s infrastructure. This solidarity also facilitated the creation of a second CSO that protected the line from saboteurs during a political crisis. Although officials from IDIs and government had little direct contact with CSOs, the noticeable atmosphere of civic engagement along the line affected their opinions about the FCE. This case holds lessons for planning theory and policymaking. Balancing traditional economic justifications for operating transportation services with other benefits, finding a champion and building solidarity, and recognizing the value of study tours can improve transportation decisions and outcomes. Likewise, planners and policymakers can encourage the formation, sustainability and active involvement of CSOs by ensuring they remain democratic, transparent, well funded and engaged with all stakeholders. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Madagascar en_US
dc.subject Civil Society Organizations en_US
dc.subject Heritage en_US
dc.subject Transportation Infrastructure en_US
dc.subject Colonial Railways in Sub-Saharan Africa en_US
dc.subject Rationality in Decision-making Processes en_US
dc.title Civil Society Organizations and the Protection of Sub-­Saharan Africa’s Colonial Railways: The Case of Madagascar’s Fianarantsoa-­Côte Est Railway. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreename PHD en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreediscipline Urban and Regional Planning en_US
dc.description.thesisdegreegrantor University of Michigan, Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Levine, Jonathan en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Renne, Elisha en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Hecht, Gabrielle en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Shatkin, Gavin Michael en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel African Studies en_US
dc.subject.hlbsecondlevel Urban Planning en_US
dc.subject.hlbtoplevel Social Sciences en_US
dc.owningcollname Dissertations and Theses (Ph.D. and Master's)
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