Filtering by: Creator Johnson-Buck, Alexander Remove constraint Creator: Johnson-Buck, Alexander
- Li, Jieming, Zhang, Leyou, Johnson-Buck, Alexander, and Walter, Nils G.
- Traces from single-molecule fluorescence microscopy (SMFM) experiments exhibit photophysical artifacts that typically necessitate human expert screening, which is time-consuming and introduces potential for user-dependent expectation bias. Here, we have used deep learning to develop a rapid, automatic SMFM trace selector, termed AutoSiM, that improves the sensitivity and specificity of an assay for a DNA point mutation based on single-molecule recognition through equilibrium Poisson sampling (SiMREPS). The improved performance of AutoSiM is based on accepting both more true positives and fewer false positives than the conventional approach of hidden Markov modeling (HMM) followed by thresholding. As a second application, the selector was used for automated screening of single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) data to identify high-quality traces for further analysis, and achieves ~90% concordance with manual selection while requiring less processing time. AutoSiM can be adapted readily to novel datasets, requiring only modest Transfer Learning.
- deep learning, single-molecule fluorescence, total internal reflection microscopy, SiMREPS, smFRET, and Forster resonance energy transfer
- Citation to related publication:
- Jieming Li, Leyou Zhang, Alexander Johnson-Buck, Nils G. Walter. (2020) Automatic classification and segmentation of single-molecule fluorescence time traces with deep learning. Nature Communications, In Press. and Hayward, S., Lund, P., Kang, Q., Johnson-Buck, A., Tewari, M., Walter, N. (2018). Single-molecule microscopy image data and analysis files for "Ultra-specific and Amplification-free Quantification of Mutant DNA by Single-molecule Kinetic Fingerprinting" [Data set]. University of Michigan - Deep Blue. https://doi.org/10.7302/Z2CZ35DF
- AutoSiM software and sample single-molecule trace data accompanying "Automatic classification and segmentation of single-molecule fluorescence time traces with deep learning"
- Chatterjee, Tanmay, Knappik, Achim, Sandford, Erin, Tewari, Muneesh, Choi, Sung Won, Strong, William B., Thrush, Evan P., Oh, Kenneth J., Liu, Ning, Walter, Nils G., and Johnson-Buck, Alexander
- The sensitive measurement of specific protein biomarkers is important for medical diagnostics and research. However, existing methods for quantifying proteins use antibody probes that cannot distinguish between specific and nonspecific binding, limiting their sensitivity and specificity. This work establishes a method for distinguishing between specific binding to the target protein and nonspecific binding to assay surfaces using single-molecule kinetic measurements with dynamically binding probes. This is significant because it permits extremely sensitive protein measurements without requiring a high-affinity detection antibody or any washing steps, enabling streamlined and sensitive quantification of proteins even when no pair of high-quality, tightly binding antibodies is available.
- biomarker detection, single molecule fluorescence, kinetic fingerprinting, total internal reflection microscopy, and super resolution microscopy
- Citation to related publication:
- Chatterjee, T., et al. Direct kinetic fingerprinting and digital counting of single protein molecules. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, In Press.
- Dataset (TIRF microscopy movies) for "Direct kinetic fingerprinting and digital counting of single protein molecules"