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  • Data in support of the study "Climate response to negative greenhouse gas radiative forcing in polar winter"

    Creator: Flanner, Mark
    Description: Greenhouse gas (GHG) additions to Earth’s atmosphere initially reduce global outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), thereby warming the planet. In select environments with temperature inversions, however, increased GHG concentrations can actually increase local OLR. Negative top-of-atmosphere and effective radiative forcing (ERF) from this situation give the impression that local surface temperatures could cool in response to GHG increases. Here we consider an extreme scenario in which GHG concentrations are increased only within the warmest layers of winter near-surface inversions of the Arctic and Antarctic. We find, using a fully coupled Earth system model, that the underlying surface warms despite the GHG addition exerting negative ERF and cooling the troposphere in the vicinity of the GHG increase. This unique radiative forcing and thermal response is facilitated by the high stability of the polar winter atmosphere, which inhibits thermal mixing and amplifies the impact of surface radiative forcing on surface temperature. These findings also suggest that strategies to exploit negative ERF via injections of short-lived GHGs into inversion layers would likely be unsuccessful in cooling the planetary surface.
  • Demographically diverse crowds are typically not much wiser than homogeneous crowds

    Creator: de Oliveira, Stephanie and Nisbett, Richard E.
    Description: The data are generally interpretable when examined in conjunction with the target article. Codebooks are in preparation and further information can be obtained from the first author.
  • Data for "Using sensor data to dynamically map large-scale models to site-scale forecasts: A case study using the National Water Model"

    Creator: Fries, Kevin J
    Description: This data is in support of the publication in review "Using sensor data to dynamically map large-scale models to site-scale forecasts: A case study using the National Water Model". It is all the raw data extracted from the NWM flow forecasts for Iowa and the IFIS stage readings. For the NWM data, each date has it's own tab-delimited file with columns being the time (hrs) and rows being the NHD site. For the IFIS gages, each tab delimited file is for a single site for the period of record.
  • S'Urachi Site-Based Archaeological Survey 2015

    Creator: Gosner, Linda R. and Smith, Alexander J.
    Description: Included here are 1) a detailed description of each of the dataset's components, 2) a database of all finds from the 2015 survey, 3) a database of faunal bone compiled by specialist Damià Ramis, 4) a description of the finds by category to accompany these databases, 5) a PDF of notes taken in the field, 6) field photographs of survey units, 7) object photographs of all finds, and 8) drawings of diagnostic ceramics by time period.
  • Computer Data from Ross Thesis

    Creator: Mathews, Elizabeth and Verhoff, Frank
    Description: Each pdf is an electronic version of the paper output for each experiment. Each text file is the electronic version of the data on the computer cards for each experiment. These text files are directly readable by Excel. Once in Excel, the data can be manipulated as desired. Additional information is in the theses.
  • Neighborhood effects : Health Status

    Creator: Veinot,Tiffany,C., Data Driven Detroit, and Okullo, Dolorence
    Description: Health status data includes data about the health of persons within a census tract in Metropolitan Detroit, measured at the census tract level. This includes data about 1) mortality by condition; 2) exposures to toxic substances; and 3) disability. Coverage for all data: 10-county Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor Combined Statistical Area.
  • Neighborhood effects : Housing

    Creator: Veinot, Tiffany, Yu, DeAhean, Data Driven Detroit, Okullo, Dolorence, Gomez-Lopez, Iris N., and Yan, Xiang (Jacob)
    Description: This dataset includes census tract-level data concerning housing in Metropolitan Detroit. The data includes: 1) Total housing units and total mortgages in the tract; 2) Land use; 3) Real estate information (foreclosures, sales transactions, and home values); 4) Vacant housing; 5) Housing age and available facilities; 6) Housing condition; and 7) Spatial measures of subsidized housing in the tract. Data coverage should say 2006 to 2015.
  • Centimeter-Scale Electron Diffusion in Photoactive Organic Heterostructures

    Creator: Qu, Yue, Panda, Anurag, Che, Xiaozhou, Forrest, Stephen R., Coburn, Caleb, and Burlingame, Quinn
    Description: Mathematica Diffusion Simulation: Programmed by Coburn, Caleb. Simulation of diffusion in organic heterostructures, including least square fits and statistical goodness of fit analysis. Used to calculate fits to transient data in Fig 1, 3 and Extended Data Fig.2. Example data file included for download Matlab Montecarlo simulation: Programmed by Coburn, Caleb. Montecarlo simulation of charge diffusion on a cubic lattice to determine lateral diffusion length as a function of barrier height, assuming thermionic emission over the barrier. Matlab 2D Diffusion Simulation:Programmed by Coburn, Caleb. Modified from BYU Physics 430 Course Manual. Simulates diffusion around a film discontinuity, such a cut. Used to generate fits to Extended Data Fig. 1
  • Crop rotations for increased soil carbon: perenniality as a guiding principle

    Creator: Blesh, Jennifer and King, Alison E.
    Description: This dataset contains three data files used in: King, A.E. and J. Blesh, 2017. Crop rotations for increased soil carbon: perenniality as a guiding principle. Ecological Applications. There are also three corresponding metadata files. The file “CRMA 2017 Main.csv” contains data for the control and treatment rotations used to construct pairwise comparisons for meta-analysis, response ratios calculated for soil organic carbon concentration, and change in carbon input. The dataset also includes management, soil, and other environmental characteristics for each site. The file “CRMA 2017 Diversity x Nitrogen.csv” contains data used to test whether N fertilizer inputs mediated the effect of functional diversity on SOC concentrations. The file “CRMA Annual grain.csv” contains data used to test for effects of crop rotation species diversity (one vs. two species, or two vs. three species) on SOC concentrations and C input (i.e., for the “grain-only” rotations). The dataset also includes management, soil, and other environmental characteristics for each site. The corresponding metadata files: “CRMA 2017 Main_metadata.csv”, “CRMA 2017 Diversity x Nitrogen_metadata.csv”, and “CRMA Annual grain _metadata.csv” provide a detailed description of all variables in each dataset. Note: On Jan 12, 2018 the following information was added to the three metadata files: the name of the data file the metadata refers to, an explanation as to the meaning of blank cells in the data file, a full citation to the paper where the author describes her findings and contact information for the author.
  • WRF-Chem Central US - Hygroscopicity tests

    Creator: Steiner, Allison and Kawecki, Stacey
    Description: WRF-Chem model