Β-Endorphin/ACTH immunocytochemistry in the CNS of the lizard Anolis carolinensis : Evidence for a major mesencephalic cell group
Khachaturian, Henry; Dores, Robert M.; Watson, Stanley J.; Akil, Huda
Khachaturian, Henry; Dores, Robert M.; Watson, Stanley J.; Akil, Huda (1984)."Β-Endorphin/ACTH immunocytochemistry in the CNS of the lizard Anolis carolinensis : Evidence for a major mesencephalic cell group." The Journal of Comparative Neurology 229(4): 576-584. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/50025>
AbstractThe immunocytochemical distribution of Β-endorphin and other proopiomelanocortin (POMC) peptides in the central nervous system of the lizard Anolis carolinensis was determined. Colchicine pretreatment was used to enhance perikaryal immunoreactivity. A major finding of this study is the localization of a previously undetected mesencephalic cell group which exhibits immunoreactivity to Β-endorphin, ACTH, and Α-MSH. The perikarya of these neurons are large, bipolar, and situated in the mesencephalic tegmental area. They appear to project to the mesencephalic central gray and other brainstem structures. In contrast, the immunoreactive parvicellular perikarya of the medial-basal hypothalamus, corresponding to the POMC perikarya of the rodent arcuate nucleus, exhibit major rostral projections to various telencephalic and diencephalic structures. The exact extent of fiber projections and innervation patterns arising from either of these two groups is not clear at this time and will require further analyses. Scattered fiber immunoreactivity was also seen in the medial cerebral cortex and the striatal complex, regions which apparently are not innervated by Β-endorphin fibers in the rodent brain. Also, no immunoreactivity was seen to an antiserum to the 16K peptide of POMC. Other similarities and differences in the brain distribution of POMC in reptiles and mammals are discussed.
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