Effects of habitat and location on Chipping Sparrow song characteristics
AbstractThe acoustic adaptation hypothesis states that animal calls should adapt to their environment: birds singing in a closed forest should have lower frequency and slower rate than birds in open habitats in order for their songs to be heard best at far distances. To test the acoustic adaptation hypothesis in Chipping Sparrow song, we recorded and analyzed maximum frequency, minimum frequency, frequency range, and trill rate of Chipping Sparrows in two different habitat types. We found no statistically significant results, but all four song characteristics slightly opposed the acoustic adaptation hypothesis. Although Chipping Sparrows may not follow the predictions of the acoustic adaptation hypothesis, insignificant results should not be interpreted as rejecting the acoustic adaptation hypothesis in Chipping Sparrows as their interactions with neighboring Pine Warblers, our small sample size, closeness of sites, and little habitat differences could have altered our results.
Natural History & Evolution
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