Geological and geophysical observations reveal along-strike fault zone heterogeneity on major strike-slip faults, which can play a significant role in earthquake rupture propagation and termination. I present 2D dynamic rupture simulations to demonstrate rupture characteristics in such heterogeneous fault zone structure. The modeled rupture is nucleated in a damaged fault zone and propagates on a preexisting fault towards the zone of intact rocks. There is an intermediate range of nucleation lengths that only allow rupture to spontaneously propagate in the damaged fault zone but not in a homogeneous medium. I find that rupture with an intermediate nucleation length tends to stop when it reaches the zone of intact rocks, especially when the rupture propagation distance in the damaged fault zone is relatively short and when the damaged fault zone is relatively narrow or smooth in the fault-normal direction. Pronounced small-scale heterogeneity within the damaged fault zone also contributes to such early rupture termination. In asymmetric fault zones bisected by a bimaterial fault, rupture moving in the direction of slip of faster rocks tends to terminate under the same conditions as in symmetric fault zones, whereas rupture moving in the direction of slip of slower rocks can penetrate into the zone of intact rocks. Break-through rupture is allowed when a sufficiently-large asperity is located at the edge of the zone of intact rocks. The results suggest the along-strike fault zone heterogeneity can play a critical role in seismicity distribution.
The data set contains multiple folders of simulation results from the SEM2DPACK that demonstrate the above findings. The folder name includes the model parameters in each simulation as explained in the README file. The Flt01_sem2d.data file in the folder documents the slip, slip rate and stresses from each simulation. The files are also explained in the manual of SEM2DPACK ( http://web.gps.caltech.edu/~ampuero/soft/users_guide_sem2dpack.pdf). Please refer to section 4.6 in the manual and use “sem2d_read_fault.m” in the POST folder of SEM2DPACK to plot the results.
Videos made in the course of linguistic fieldwork. Includes blacksmithing, hide tanning, weaving, cotton spinning, weaving, reed flute making, pottery making, and construction in Dogon villages, and exotic traditional hair styling in Hombori (Songhay). Some of the videos are "compilations" of many short clips, others are in standard documentary form.
Datasets for article in CARBON: Spatial dependence of the growth of polycyclic aromatic compounds in an ethylene counterflow flame.
The experiment VUV-AMS measurements ("VUV_AMS_C2H4_Counterflow.txt") consists aerosol mass spectra data from an atmospheric-pressure ethylene/oxygen/argon counterflow diffusion flame described in Johansson et al., Proc. Combust. Inst. 36, 799-806 (2017) doi:10.1016/j.proci.2016.07.130., The experiment VUV-MBMS measurements ("VUV_MBMS_C2H4_Counterflow.txt") consists gas-phase data from an atmospheric-pressure ethylene/oxygen/argon counterflow diffusion flame described in Johansson et al., Proc. Combust. Inst. 36, 799-806 (2017) doi:10.1016/j.proci.2016.07.130., 2D CFD simulation results by KAUST mechanism II ("CFD_KM2_results.xlsx") consists stabilized CFD gas-phase species profiles along different x,y,z coordinates. Species are given by mole fractions., The SNapS2 simulation results ("SNapS2_results.zip") consist streamline I (from fuel side), i (from oxidizer side), and middle (DFFO = 5.0mm) for producing results in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, and Table 1. Three folders under each streamline ("C5H6", "C6H5CH3", and "C6H6") represent simulations by using different seeds (cyclopentadiene, toluene, and benzene respectively). The text files inside each folder are a single trace (time-history) for one SNapS2 simulation. Text file name consists "starting time"+"."+"simulation number"+".txt". For example 0.041.25.txt meaning the 25th simulation starting at 0.041s. Four columns inside the text files represent time, molecular mass, reaction index, and SMILES (Simplified molecular-input line-entry system) of the molecule., and Data citation: Wang, Q., Elvati, P., Kim, D., Johansson, K.O., Schrader, P.E., Michelsen, H.A., Violi, A. (2019). Spatial dependence of the growth of polycyclic aromatic compounds in an ethylene counterflow flame: experimental measurements and simulation results [Data set]. University of Michigan Deep Blue Data Repository. https://doi.org/10.7302/69e6-cd20
This data and scripts are meant to test and show seizure differentiation based on bifurcation theory. A zip file is included which contains real and simulated seizure waveforms, Matlab scripts, and metadata. The matlab scripts allow for visual review validation and objective feature analysis. The file “README.txt” provides more detail about each individual file within the zip file. and Data citation: Crisp, D.N., Saggio, M.L., Scott, J., Stacey, W.C., Nakatani, M., Gliske, S.F., Lin, J. (2019). Epidynamics: Navigating the map of seizure dynamics - Code & Data [Data set]. University of Michigan Deep Blue Data Repository. https://doi.org/10.7302/ejhy-5h41
This collection represents various raw data and analysis of cores extracted during the November 2008 mission of R/V Melville in the Santa Barbara Basin., The core included is the jumbo piston core MV0811-14JC. Core photos, physical properties and magnetic susceptibility from the multisensor track (MST), and the scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data are included in the collection., and Cruise DOI: 10.7284/903459
The research is funded by NSF OCE-1304327.
This collection represents various raw data and analysis of cores extracted during the January 2009 mission of the research vessel Sproul in the Santa Barbara Basin., Cores included: box core SPR0901-04BC, box core SPR0901-unnamed, and Kasten core SPR0901-03KC. Core photos, physical properties and magnetic susceptibility from the multisensor track (MST), and the scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data are included in the collection., and Cruise DOI: 10.7284/901089
This research is funded by NSF-OCE 0752093.
This dataset includes scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data for the core MV0811-14JC (34.2818°N
120.0360°W, water depth: 582 m), which was collected by the research vessel R/V Melville off Southern California in 2008.11. The research is funded by NSF OCE-1304327.