Search Constraints

Search Results

  • Centimeter-Scale Electron Diffusion in Photoactive Organic Heterostructures

    Creator: Che, Xiaozhou, Burlingame, Quinn, Qu, Yue, Panda, Anurag, Coburn, Caleb, and Forrest, Stephen R.
    Description: Mathematica Diffusion Simulation: Programmed by Coburn, Caleb. Simulation of diffusion in organic heterostructures, including least square fits and statistical goodness of fit analysis. Used to calculate fits to transient data in Fig 1, 3 and Extended Data Fig.2. Example data file included for download Matlab Montecarlo simulation: Programmed by Coburn, Caleb. Montecarlo simulation of charge diffusion on a cubic lattice to determine lateral diffusion length as a function of barrier height, assuming thermionic emission over the barrier. Matlab 2D Diffusion Simulation:Programmed by Coburn, Caleb. Modified from BYU Physics 430 Course Manual. Simulates diffusion around a film discontinuity, such a cut. Used to generate fits to Extended Data Fig. 1
  • Crop rotations for increased soil carbon: perenniality as a guiding principle

    Creator: Blesh, Jennifer and King, Alison E.
    Description: This dataset contains three data files used in: King, A.E. and J. Blesh, 2017. Crop rotations for increased soil carbon: perenniality as a guiding principle. Ecological Applications. There are also three corresponding metadata files. The file “CRMA 2017 Main.csv” contains data for the control and treatment rotations used to construct pairwise comparisons for meta-analysis, response ratios calculated for soil organic carbon concentration, and change in carbon input. The dataset also includes management, soil, and other environmental characteristics for each site. The file “CRMA 2017 Diversity x Nitrogen.csv” contains data used to test whether N fertilizer inputs mediated the effect of functional diversity on SOC concentrations. The file “CRMA Annual grain.csv” contains data used to test for effects of crop rotation species diversity (one vs. two species, or two vs. three species) on SOC concentrations and C input (i.e., for the “grain-only” rotations). The dataset also includes management, soil, and other environmental characteristics for each site. The corresponding metadata files: “CRMA 2017 Main_metadata.csv”, “CRMA 2017 Diversity x Nitrogen_metadata.csv”, and “CRMA Annual grain _metadata.csv” provide a detailed description of all variables in each dataset.
  • WRF-Chem Central US - Hygroscopicity tests

    Creator: Kawecki, Stacey and Steiner, Allison
    Description: WRF-Chem model
  • Discovering History: An Analysis of Secondary Literature Cited in the American Historical Review, 2010-2015

    Creator: Pearce, Alexa L.
    Description: This dataset accompanies a study that seeks to contribute to a clearer understanding of the discovery ecosystem in academic research libraries. Using historical literature as a case study, extensive citation analysis is employed to both reveal characteristics of secondary historical literature as well as to test a broad disciplinary discovery environment that includes six specific search platforms. By enhancing our understanding of where and how specific types of resources are –or are not—discoverable, as the case may be, this study can provide evidence to better inform the appropriate role and placement of various search platforms in a user’s process. This citation analysis drew upon all secondary literature that was cited in the American Historical Review (AHR) during a six-year period, from 2010 through 2015. The AHR is the official publication of the American Historical Association (AHA) and, as stated on its website, has served as “the journal of record for the historical profession in the United States since 1895.” Additionally, the AHR represents all subfields of history in its research articles and reviews of new scholarship. For this study, the author gathered citations from research articles only, excluding reviews. For the purposes of testing the library discovery environment, the author aimed to include citations that a researcher would be likely to identify by using library research tools, as opposed to archival finding aids. Recognizing that some tools included in this study, such as JSTOR and Historical Abstracts, do not index archival sources, the author decided to focus on published and secondary materials. All citations to archival sources, government information, and other unpublished manuscript materials were excluded. Additionally, citations to newspaper and general or popular press articles published prior to 1900 were excluded. Citations to entire periodicals, as opposed to articles, were also excluded. Books from all date ranges were included. Citations to non-scholarly newspaper and magazine articles published after 1900 were included. Citations to published primary sources were also included in the population of citations, as one may reasonably expect to locate them in a research library setting. The resulting population comprised 22,572 citations. After separating out duplicate citations, the total number was 19,937. Using a random number generator, the de-duplicated list of citations was re-ordered in order to select a random sample of 400, which affords a confidence level of 95% and a confidence interval of 5. The first step in analysis was to characterize each citation according to format, publication date, and language. Secondly, the author searched for all citations in the sample in the 6 different search platforms listed above. The primary question for each database included in the study was how comprehensively it represented the population of AHR citations, as represented by the random sample selected for this study. In order for a given citation to count as present in a particular database, it had to be represented in the format in which it was cited. For example, if a search for a cited book turned up only a dissertation, with the same author and very similar title, the analysis found that the citation was not present. For book chapters cited with authors and titles, it was not necessary for chapters to have their own records in order to be counted as present but it was necessary for them to be discernible among search results as chapters, such as in a table of contents listing. In order to expedite the search process, the author searched Historical Abstracts and America: History and Life simultaneously on the EBSCO platform. For all of the platforms except Google Scholar, the author performed advanced searches, entering both title and author information for each citation. All searching took place between February and May of 2017. The results presented here reflect the content available to search in each platform at the time of investigation.
  • Literature search strategies for "Substance Use Education in Schools of Nursing: A Systematic Review of the Literature"

    Creator: MacEachern, Mark P
    Description: The dataset represents the complete, reproducible search strategies for all literature databases searched during the systematic review. The Endnote file and the Endnote import files contain all citations considered for inclusion in the review.
  • Large-eddy simulation (LES) model simulations

    Creator: Li, Yang and Steiner, Allison
    Description: Case 2 of Li et al. (2016) LES simulations for the DISCOVER-AQ 11 campaign, including three different grid resolutions (96, 197 and 320 grid cell resolutions), plus simulations at the 192 grid resolution with and without aqueous chemistry
  • Large-eddy simulation of BVOC during the 2011 DISCOVER-AQ

    Creator: Li, Yang and Steiner, Allison
    Description: Case 1: A fair weather condition; Case 2: A convective event; Case 3: A polluted event with high temperature and convection
  • The ethical and professional use of social media in surgery - A review of the literature

    Creator: MacEachern, Mark P MLIS, Berlin, Nicolas MD, Bennett, Katelyn G MD, Vercler, Christian J MD, and Preminger, Aviva MD
    Description: The dataset includes the reproducible search strategies for all literature databases searched during the review, the key articles used to generate relevant search terms and test the effectiveness of the searches, the Endnote library that has all citations considered for inclusion, a flow chart describing the screening process, and the screening forms used for inclusion and exclusion.
  • Understanding Ecosystem Services Adoption by Natural Resource Managers and Research Ecologists: Survey Data

    Creator: Evans, Mary Anne, Low, Bobbi S, Engel, Daniel D, and Schaeffer, Jeff
    Description: This dataset was compiled as an attempt to understand how natural resource managers and research ecologists in the Great Lakes region integrate the ecosystem services (ES) paradigm into their work. The following text is the adapted abstract from a thesis associated with this data. Ecosystem services, or the benefits people obtain from ecosystems, have gained much momentum in natural resource management in recent decades as a relatively comprehensive approach to provide quantitative tools for improving decision-making and policy design. However, to date we know little about whether and how natural resource practitioners, from natural resource managers to research ecologists (hereafter managers and ecologist respectively), have adopted the ES paradigm into their respective work. Here, we addressed this knowledge gap by asking managers and ecologists about whether and how they have adopted the ES paradigm into their respective work. First, we surveyed federal, state, provincial and tribal managers in the Great Lakes region about their perception and use of ES as well as the relevance of specific services to their work. Although results indicate that fewer than 31% of the managers said they currently consider economic values of ES, 79% of managers said they would use economic information on ES if they had access to it. Additionally, managers reported that ES-related information was generally inadequate for their resource management needs. We also assessed managers by dividing them into identifiable groups (e.g. managers working in different types of government agencies or administrative levels) to evaluate differential ES integration. Overall, results suggest a desire among managers to transition from considering ES concepts in their management practices to quantifying economic metrics, indicating a need for practical and accessible valuation techniques. Due to a sample of opportunity at the USGS Great Lakes Science Center (GLSC), we also evaluated GLSC research ecologists’ integration of the ES paradigm because they play an important role by contributing requisite ecological knowledge for ES models. Managers and ecologists almost unanimously agreed that it was appropriate to consider ES in resource management and also showed convergence on the high priority ES. However, ecologists appeared to overestimate the adequacy of ES-related information they provide as managers reported the information was inadequate for their needs. This divergence may reflect an underrepresentation of ecological economists in this system who can aid in translating ecological models into estimates of human well-being. As a note, both CSV files in this dataset have two tabs: 1) the raw data, and 2) an index describing each column. The dataset for the research ecologists has had some data removed as it could be considered personally identifiable information due to the small sample size in that population. The surveys associated with both datasets have also been included in PDF format.
  • Marroquíes Bajos Bioarchaeological Project

    Creator: Beck, Jess
    Description: These data include skeletal and dental inventories, assessments of skeletal and dental pathology, and the age and sex of individuals buried at Necropolis 1, Necropolis 2, and Necropolis 4 at the Copper Age site of Marroquíes Bajos. They are shared here in accordance with the NSF Data Management Plan associated with Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant BCS-1440017.
  • Survey of How Primary Care Providers Approach Iron Deficiency Anemia and Celiac Disease

    Creator: Saini, Sameer D
    Description: See attached survey and codebook
  • Regional Climate Model simulations

    Creator: Bryan, Alex and Steiner, Allison
    Description: Included are RegCM simulations driven by three different types of boundary conditions 1. ERA - present day only (1979-2005) 2. GFDL - present day (1978-2005) and future (2041-2065) 3. HadGEM - present day (1978-2005) and future (2041-2065) Each directory has three files with monthly averaged values: ATM: includes 4D (t,z,y,x) atmospheric fields (pressure, winds, temperature, specific humidity, cloud water) and some 3D fields (t,y,x) precipitation, soil temperature, soil water SRF: includes 3D (t,y,x) surface variables (surface pressure, 10m winds, drag coefficient, surface temperature, 2m air temperature, soil moisture, precipitation, runoff, snow, sensible heat flux, latent heat flux, surface radiation components (SW, LW), PBL height, albedo, sunshine duration) RAD: includes 4D radiative transfer variables (SW and LW heating, TOA fluxes, cloud fraction, ice water content) clm_h0 files: CLM land surface files, includes canopy variables, surface fluxes, soil moisture by layers, etc. "
  • Data from: Functional traits in cover crop mixtures: biological nitrogen fixation and multifunctionality

    Creator: Blesh, Jennifer
    Description: This dataset contains three data files used in: Blesh, J. 2017. Functional traits in cover crop mixtures: biological nitrogen fixation and multifunctionality. Journal of Applied Ecology. There are also three corresponding metadata files. The file “Ecosystem_functions_soil_species.xls” contains data organized by farm, treatment, replicate block, and species combining the fall and spring sampling time points. These data include aboveground biomass, nitrogen and carbon content, and biological nitrogen fixation for the plant species. The dataset also includes measured soil characteristics for each farm site. The file “Ecosystem_functions_soil_treatment.xls” contains data organized by farm, treatment, and replicate block for the fall and spring sampling time points combined. These data include aboveground biomass, nitrogen and carbon content, and biological nitrogen fixation aggregated by treatment. The dataset also includes measured soil characteristics for each farm site. The file “Traits_unstandardized.xls” contains individual plant trait data, a subset of which were used to calculate an index of functional diversity after they were standardized to have zero mean and unit variance. These data are organized by farm, treatment, replicate block, and species. The corresponding metadata files: “Ecosystem_functions_soil_species_metadata.xls”, “Ecosystem_functions_soil_treatment_metadata.xls”, and “Traits_unstandardized_metadata.xls” provide a detailed description of all variables in each dataset and any abbreviations used.
  • JGR-Space-2012-Data

    Creator: Moldwin, Mark B
    Description: Tab delimited file containing the records of all papers published in JGR-Space Physics in 2012. The records were pulled from Thomsen-Reuters ISI-Web-of-Science on June 3, 2016 including citations. Gender was identified independently by the creator of the file.
  • The Sharing Economy in Computing: A Systematic Literature Review

    Creator: Zhu, Haiyi, Dillahunt, Tawanna R , Wang, Xinyi, Cheng, Hao Fei, Hecht, Brent , and Wheeler, Earnest
    Description: The sharing economy has quickly become a very prominent subject of research in the broader computing literature and the in human–computer interaction (HCI) literature more specifically. When other computing research areas have experienced similarly rapid growth (e.g. human computation, eco-feedback technology), early stage literature reviews have proved useful and influential by identifying trends and gaps in the literature of interest and by providing key directions for short- and long-term future work. In this paper, we seek to provide the same benefits with respect to computing research on the sharing economy. Specifically, following the suggested approach of prior computing literature reviews, we conducted a systematic review of sharing economy articles published in the Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library to investigate the state of sharing economy research in computing. We performed this review with two simultaneous foci: a broad focus toward the computing literature more generally and a narrow focus specifically on HCI literature. We collected a total of 112 sharing economy articles published between 2008 and 2017 and through our analysis of these papers, we make two core contributions: (1) an understanding of the computing community’s contributions to our knowledge about the sharing economy, and specifically the role of the HCI community in these contributions (i.e. what has been done) and (2) a discussion of under-explored and unexplored aspects of the sharing economy that can serve as a partial research agenda moving forward (i.e. what is next to do).
  • Characteristics of Informal Caregivers who Provide Transportation Assistance to Older Adults

    Creator: Eby, David W and Molnar, Lisa J
    Description: Data can contained in an Excel spreadsheet formatted such that each row is a separate participant and each column is a separate question. This file is called: EbyEtAl-TransportCaregiver. A data dictionary that gives the text for each question and the response categories mappings are contained in another Excel Spreadsheet. This file is called: EbyEtAl-TransportCaregiverDictionary. The text of the survey, the development of weights, and response rate calculations can be found in the Deep Blue report discussed previously.
  • Gelada foraging ecology in the Simien Mountains, Ethiopia

    Creator: Jarvey, Julie C
    Description: This includes data used for analysis for the publication: "Graminivory and fallback foods: Annual diet profile of geladas (Theropithecus gelada) living in the Simien Mountains National Park, Ethiopia".
  • Literature Search Strategies for "Effectiveness of anti-osteoporotic drugs to prevent secondary fragility fractures: systematic review and meta-analysis"

    Creator: MacEachern, Mark P
    Description: The dataset represents the complete search strategies for all literature databases searched during the systematic review. The Endnote library that contains all citations is also included.
  • TCC Engine Collection

    Creator: Reuss, David L, Schiffmann, Philipp, and Sick, Volker
    Description: This Collection is a compilation of data measured in the TCC engine at the University of Michigan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Quantitative Laser Diagnostics Laboratory. The posted Work Deposits are never changed. However, this collection will be expanded with additional Work Deposits as new experimental data become available. The intent of the collection is to provide a comprehensive experimental data set from the TCC-III engine, for fundamental discovery research on in-cylinder flow and spark-ignited combustion. Also, to enable in-depth support for CFD development and validation. The collection includes data files of in-cylinder flowvelocity and flame imaging, as well as engine and system geometry needed to set up 1-D and CFD simulations.
  • TCCIII Fired Full View

    Creator: Schiffmann, Philipp, Reuss, David L, and Sick, Volker
    Description: PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS IS A LARGE DATA SET (143.57 GB) AND IS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD VIA GLOBUS: and This archive contains data files from spark-ignited homogenous combustion internal combustion engine experiments. Included are two-dimensional two-component velocity fields from various measurement planes with maximized field of view, in-cylinder pressure measurements, external pressure and temperature data, as well as details on the geometry of the optical engine to enable setups of simulation configurations. Fired operation was with stoichiometric propane air, 40kPa MAP, at 1300 RPM.
  • TCCIII Fired Spark Plug Region

    Creator: Schiffmann, Philipp, Reuss, David L, and Sick, Volker
    Description: This archive contains data files from spark-ignited homogenous combustion internal combustion engine experiments. Included are two-dimensional two-component velocity fields acquired in a small, high-resolution field of view near the spark plug, and images of hydroxyl radical chemiluminescence recording the early flame-kernel growth. Included are in-cylinder pressure measurements, external pressure and temperature data, as well as details on the geometry of the optical engine to enable setups of simulation configurations. Included are tables of one-per-cycle parameters for each test with methane or propane at stoichiometric, dilute limit, lean limit, and rich limit, operation conducted at 40kPa and 1300 RPM. and PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS IS A LARGE DATA SET (143.57 GB) AND IS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD VIA GLOBUS:
  • TCCIII Motored Full View

    Creator: Schiffmann, Philipp, Reuss, David L, and Sick, Volker
    Description: PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS IS A LARGE DATA SET (33.14 GB) AND IS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD VIA GLOBUS: and This archive contains data files from motored internal combustion engine experiments. Included are two-dimensional two-component velocity fields from four measurement planes with maximized field of view. in-cylinder pressure measurements, external pressure and temperature data, as well as details on the geometry of the optical engine to enable setups of simulation configurations. Motored operating conditions include 40kPa and 90kPa MAP, 800 and 1300 RPM.
  • Subjective Effect Reports of Food

    Creator: Schulte, Erica M
    Description: The data set supports a study investigating which foods may be most implicated in addictive-like eating by examining how nutritionally diverse foods relate to loss of control consumption and various subjective effect reports. Participants (n = 501) self-reported how likely they were to experience a loss of control over their consumption of 30 nutritionally diverse foods and rated each food on five subjective effect report questions that assess the abuse liability of substances (liking, pleasure, craving, averseness, intensity). Hierarchical cluster analytic techniques were used to examine how foods grouped together based on each question. Highly processed foods, with added fats and/or refined carbohydrates, clustered together and were associated with greater loss of control, liking, pleasure, and craving. The clusters yielded from the subjective effect reports assessing liking, pleasure, and craving were most similar to clusters formed based on loss of control over consumption, whereas the clusters yielded from averseness and intensity did not meaningfully differentiate food items. The associated study applies methodology used to assess the abuse liability of substances to understand whether foods may vary in their potential to be associated with addictive-like consumption. Highly processed foods (e.g., pizza, chocolate) appear to be most related to an indicator of addictive-like eating (loss of control) and several subjective effect reports (liking, pleasure, craving). Thus, these foods may be particularly reinforcing and capable of triggering an addictive-like response in some individuals. Future research is warranted to understand whether highly processed foods are related to these indicators of abuse liability at a similar magnitude as addictive substances. The data set is presented in both .sav format for use with SPSS software and in csv format.
  • Literature Search Strategies for "Substance Use Education in United States Schools of Pharmacy: A Systematic Review of the Literature"

    Creator: MacEachern, Mark P
    Description: The dataset represents the complete search strategies for all literature databases searched during the systematic review. The Endnote and Excel files of all citations considered for inclusion in the review are also included.
  • Improvement of Mars surface snow albedo modeling in LMD Mars GCM with SNICAR

    Creator: Singh, Deepak
    Description: This includes data for all the plots and maps I created for my paper publication entitled "Improvement of Mars surface snow albedo modeling in LMD Mars GCM with SNICAR".
  • The KSU-UMD Dataset for Benchmarking for Audio Forensic Algorithms

    Creator: Hafiz Malik and Muhammad Khurran Khan, King Saud University
    Description: Details of the microphone used for data collection, acoustic environment in which data was collected, and naming convention used are provided here. 1 - Microphones Used: The microphones used to collect this dataset belong to 7 different trademarks. Table (1) illustrates the number of used Mics of different trademarks and models. Table 1: Trademarks and models of Mics Mic Trademark Mic Model # of Mics Shure SM-58 3 Electro-Voice RE-20 2 Sennheiser MD-421 3 AKG C 451 2 AKG C 3000 B 2 Neumann KM184 2 Coles 4038 2 The t.bone MB88U 6 Total 22 2- Environment Description: A brief description of the 6 environments in which the dataset was collected is presented here: (i) Soundproof room: a small room (nearly 1.5m × 1.5m × 2m), which is closed and completely isolated. With an exception of a small window in the front side of the room which is made of glass, all the walls of the room are made of wood and covered by a layer of sponge from the inner side, and the floor is covered by carpet. (ii) Class room: standard class room (6m × 5m × 3m). (iii) Lab: small lab (4m × 4m × 3m). All the walls are made of glasses and the floor is covered by carpet. The lab contains 9 computers. (iv) Stairs: is in the second floor. The place of recording is 3m × 5m (v) Parking: is the college parking. (vi) Garden: is an open space outside the buildings. 3- Naming Convention: This set of rules were followed as a naming convention to give each file in the dataset a unique name: (i) The file name is 19 characters long, and consists of 5 sections separated by underscores. (ii) The first section is of 3 characters indicates the Microphone trademark. (iii) The second section of 4 characters indicates the microphone model as in table (2). (iv) The third section of 2 characters indicates a specific microphone within a set of microphones of the same trademark and model, since we have more than one microphone of the same trademark and model. (v) The fourth section of 2 characters indicates the environment, where Soundproof room --> 01 Class room --> 02 Lab --> 03 Stairs --> 04 Parking --> 05 Garden --> 06 (vi) The fifth section of 2 characters indicates the language, where Arabic --> 01 English --> 02 Chinese --> 03 Indonesian --> 04 (vii) The sixth section of 2 characters indicates the speaker. Table 2: Microphones Naming Criteria Original Mic Trademark and model --> Naming Convenient Shure SM-58 --> SHU_0058 Electro-Voice RE-20 --> ELE_0020 Sennheiser MD-421 --> SEN_0421 AKG C 451 --> AKG_0451 AKG C 3000 B --> AKG_3000 Neumann KM184 --> NEU_0184 Coles 4038 --> COL_4038 The t.bone MB88U --> TBO_0088 For example: SEN_0421_02_01_02_03 is an English file recorded by speaker number 3 in the soundproof room using microphone number 2 of Sennheiser MD-421
  • Dizziness Scenario Randomized Intervention

    Creator: Meurer, William J and Kerber, Kevin A
    Description: Data set
  • Abbott Piette Bolivia 2014 Dataset

    Creator: Piette John and Abbott Patricia A
    Description: Contained within is a subset of the larger dataset collected in La Paz, Bolivia in 2014. This data contains the analytic dataset (cross-sectional/descriptive) that includs the PACIC, Morisky, PHQ8, AUDIT, and a subset of socidemographic characteristics for NCD patients in La Paz.
  • Big Ship Data: Pre- and Post-Processed Spatiotemporal Data for 2006-2014 for Great Lakes Air Temperature, Dew Point, Surface Water Temperature, and Wind Speed

    Creator: Fries, Kevin J.
    Description: This data is in support of the WRR paper by Fries and Kerkez: Big Ship Data: Using Vessel Measurements to Improve Estimates of Temperature and Wind Speed on the Great Lakes Code is also provided
  • Influence of invasive quagga mussels, phosphorus loads, and climate on spatial and temporal patterns of productivity in Lake Michigan: A biophysical modeling study

    Creator: Rowe, Mark D.
    Description: Animation files show the 12-month “baseline” simulations for 2000, 2005, and 2010 (see Table 1 of the paper cited above). temp_1_animation.wmv: Surface temperature Chl_1_animation.wmv: Surface chlorophyll-a PO4_1_animation.wmv: Surface total dissolved phosphorus Detritus_1_animation.wmv: Surface detritus concentration (particulate organic carbon, excluding phytoplankton and zooplankton). Zooplankton_1_animation.wmv: Surface zooplankton carbon concentration MRATION_1_animation.wmv: Rate of food assimilated by mussels, according to the product f_a F_A P in Equation 2, expressed as mg phytoplankton carbon per mg mussel biomass carbon per day × 100%. BIO_M_1_animation.wmv: Simulated mussel biomass in mg ash-free-dry-mass m^-2
  • Atmospheric CO2 time series derived from CESM NEP and GEOS-Chem pulse response CO2

    Creator: Keppel-Aleks, Gretchen and Liptak, Jessica
    Description: -CESM_bdrd contains time series from the ‘FullyCoupled’ simulation contains time series from the ‘NoRad’ simulation contains data from the ‘NoLUC’ simulation contains NEP time series for each terrestrial source region from the FullyCoupled simulation - contains NEP time series for each terrestrial source region from the CESM ‘NoRad’ simulation - contains NEP time series for each terrestrial source region from the CESM ‘NoLUC’ simulation The 3-letter station IDs, latitudes, and longitudes of the sample locations are: ID Latitude (ºN) Longitude (ºE) 1. BRW    71.3 203.4 2. ZEP    78.9 11.9 3. SHM    52.7 174.1 4. THD    41.1 235.8 5. TAP    36.7 126.1 6. BMW    32.3 295.1 7. MLO    19.5 204.4 8. POCN15 15.0 215.0 9. ALT    82.5 297.5 10. BHD    -41.4 174.9 11. EIC    -27.2 250.6 12. GMI    13.4 144.7 13. HUN    47.0 16.7 14. IZO  28.3  343.5 15. LLN    23.5 120.9 16. NAT    -5.8 324.7 17. WLG    36.3 100.9 18. HBA    -75.6 333.8 19. BKT    -0.20 100.3 20. UUM    44.5 111.1 21. CGO    -40.7 144.5 22. SDZ    40.7 117.1 23. ASC    -8.0 345.6 24. SEY    -4.7 55.5 25. POCS20 -20.0 186.0 26. POCS35 -35.0 180.0 27. PSA    -64.9 296.0 28. SYO    -69.0 39.6 29. CHR    1.7 202.8 30. KEY    25.7 279.8 31. BAL    55.4 17.2 32. HPB    47.8 11.0 33. LMP    35.5 12.6 34. NMB    -23.6 15.0 35. RPB    13.2 300.2 36. WIS    30.0 35.1 37. POCS10 -10.0 199.0 38. POCN10 10.0 211.0 39. MID    28.2 182.6 40. SMO    -14.2 189.4 41. SPO    -90.0 335.2 The terrestrial CO2 source region abbreviations are: 1. NBNA 2. SBNA 3. ETNA 4. WTNA 5. CNAM 6. AMZN 7. EASA 8. WESA 9. EURO 10. SAME 11. MDAF 12. AFRF 13. SOAF 14. EABA 15. WEBA 16. SOBA 17. CNAS 18. SEAS 19. EQAS 20. AUST 21. GNLD 22. ATCA
  • European Folk Costumes Excel Spreadsheet and Access Database

    Creator: James, David A.
    Description: An Excel spreadsheet listing the information recorded on each of 18,686 costume designs can be viewed, downloaded, and explored. All the usual Excel sorting possibilities are available, and in addition a useful filter has been installed. For example, to find the number of designs that are Frieze Type #1, go to the top of the frieze type 2 column (column AS), click on the drop-down arrow and unselect every option box except True (i.e. True should be turned on, all other choices turned off). Then in the lower left corner, one reads “1111 of 18686 records found”. Much more sophisticated exploration can be carried out by downloading the rich and flexible Access Database. The terms used for this database were described in detail in three sections of Deep Blue paper associated with this project. The database can be downloaded and explored. HOW TO USE THE ACCESS DATABASE 1. Click on the Create Cohort and View Math Trait Data button, and select your cohort by clicking on the features of interest (for example: Apron and Blouse). Note: Depending on how you exited on your previous visit to the database, there may be items to clear up before creating the cohorts. a) (Usually unnecessary) Click on the small box near the top left corner to allow connection to Access. b) (Usually unnecessary) If an undesired window blocks part of the screen, click near the top of this window to minimize it. c) Make certain under Further Filtering that all four Exclude boxes are checked to get rid of stripes and circles, and circular buttons, and the D1 that is trivially associated with shoes. 2. Click on Filter Records to Form the Cohort button. Note the # of designs, # of pieces, and # of costumes beside Recalculate. 3. Click on Calculate Average Math Trait Frequency of Cohort button, and select the symmetry types of interest (for example: D1 and D2) . 4. To view the Stage 1 table, click on Create Stage 1 table. To edit and print this table, click on Create Excel (after table has been created). The same process works for Stages 2, 3.and 4 tables. 5. To view the matrix listing the math category impact numbers, move over to a button on the right side and click on View Matrix of Math Category Impact Numbers. To edit and print this matrix, click on Create Excel, use the Excel table as usual.
  • Equilibrium configurations of hard polygons near the melting transition

    Creator: Sharon C. Glotzer, Michael Engel, Jaime A. Millan, Joshua A. Anderson, and James Antonaglia
    Description: This dataset was generated for our work "Shape and symmetry determine two-dimensional melting transitions of hard regular polygons". The dataset includes simulation results for 13 different polygons (equilateral triangles through regular tetradecagons and the 4-fold pentille) at a variety of packing fractions near the isotropic fluid to solid phase transition. Each trajectory contains the final 4 frames of each simulation run we conducted at system sizes of over one million particles. For each shape, there is a JSON file that describes the vertices of the polygon and a number of simulation trajectory files in GSD ( format. The trajectory files contain the positions and orientations of all the polygons at each frame, along with the simulation box size. The trajectory file names identify the packing fraction of that simulation run.
  • Regional Climate Model Simulations

    Creator: Steiner, A.L.
    Description: Land and water body surfaces play a critical role in hydroclimate by driving the transfer of moisture from the surface reservoir into the atmosphere. At the same time, atmospheric circulation transports moisture into and out of regions. To date, the hydroclimate impacts of the surface relative to large-scale transport and the variability over land and lake surfaces have not been quantified for the Great Lakes region despite known impacts of the lakes on the local climate. Using a Regional Climate Model (RegCM4) driven by three different boundary conditions, we simulate the hydroclimate of the Great Lakes region for a 23-year historical period. Observations and reanalysis products define land-lake-atmosphere feedbacks and are compared with the model. Reanalyses estimate up to 85% of the local precipitation is transported into the region from external sources. Seasonal RegCM4 precipitation biases reflect the biases in advective moisture flux, which depend on synoptic weather patterns such as the placement of troughs and ridges. In contrast with external sources, the land and lake surfaces account for over 30% of summer precipitation. However, RegCM4 underestimates the contribution of the land by 40% due to low evaporation rates as compared to the reanalyses. Observations at three flux towers indicate that evaporation and its drivers vary strongly by vegetation species, yet the lumped land cover description prescribed in the model neglects secondary species. Such species in the Great Lakes region have high evaporation potentials, and their absence in the model may account for the evaporation discrepancies. This highlights the need for greater complexity in the land cover classifications used in regional climate models to better capture land-atmosphere hydroclimate feedbacks. Over the lakes, one model member overestimates convective precipitation caused by enhanced evaporation under warm lake surface temperatures, highlighting the need for accurate representation of lake temperatures in the surface boundary condition. While external moisture sources dominate precipitation patterns, we conclude that the surface plays a substantial role in modifying regional hydroclimate.
  • Semantic-Based Document Retrieval Using Spatial Distributions of Concepts

    Creator: Ruas, Terry L. and Grosky, William I.
    Description: This dataset was used for a proof-of-concept of fixed lexical chain approach for semantic information retrieval.
  • Three-Dimensional Body Shape Manikins of Young Children for Child Restraint Design

    Creator: Jones, Monica L.H.
    Description: These manikins represent body shape models for children weighing 9 to 23 kg in a seated posture relevant to child restraint design. The design of child restraints is guided in part by anthropometric data describing the distributions of body dimensions of children. However, three-dimensional body shape data have not been available for children younger than three years of age. These manikins will be useful for assessing child accommodation in restraints. The SBSM can also provide guidance for the development of anthropomorphic test devices and computational models of child occupants. The sampled manikins were predicted for a range of torso length and body weight dimensions. The SBSM model was exercised for two torso lengths and nine body weights to obtain 18 body shapes. The 3D shape models can be downloaded in a standard mesh format (PLY). Each body shape is accompanied by predicted landmark locations and standard anthropometric variables.
  • A Video-Based Intervention to Improve Belt Fit

    Creator: Jones, Monica L.H.
    Description: This study evaluated the performance of a video-based intervention for improving the belt fit obtained by drivers. Previous laboratory studies have demonstrated that some drivers position their seat belts suboptimally. Specifically, the lap portion of the belt may be higher and farther forward relative to the pelvis than best practice, and the shoulder portion of the belt may be outboard or inboard of mid-shoulder. A video was developed to present the most important aspects of belt fit best practices, with emphasis on the lap belt. The video demonstrated how a seat belt should be routed with respect to an individual’s anatomy to ensure a proper fit. The three key belt fit concepts conveyed in the video were: 1) Lap belt low on hips, touching the thighs. 2) Shoulder belt crossing middle of collarbone. 3) Belt snug, as close to bones as possible. Additional context about the ability to achieve to good belt fit, such as opening a heavy coat or adjusting the height adjusters on the B-pillar behind the windows, were also presented.
  • Neighborhood effects : Information and Education Environment

    Creator: Data Driven Detroit, Reddy, Shruthi, Veinot, Tiffany C, Goodspeed, Robert, Okullo, Dolorence, Clarke, Phillipa J., and Gomez-Lopez, Iris N.
    Description: The information and education environment refers to: 1) the presence of information infrastructures such as broadband Internet access and public libraries in a location; 2) a person’s proximity to information infrastructures and sources; 3) the distribution of information infrastructures, sources and in a specific location; and 4) exposure to specific messages (information content) within a specific location. Coverage for all data: 10-county Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor Combined Statistical Area.
  • Simulation Parameters used in the Study titled "Efficient Estimation of Binding Free Energies between Peptides and an MHC Class II Molecule Using Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics Simulations with a Weighted Histogram Analysis Method"

    Creator: Huang, Wenjun, Huang, Ming, Wen, Fei, and Larson, Ronald G.
    Description: We provide the parameters used in Umbrella Sampling simulations reported in our study "Efficient Estimation of Binding Free Energies between Peptides and an MHC Class II Molecule Using Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics Simulations with a Weighted Histogram Analysis Method", namely the set positions and spring constants for each window in simulations. Two tables are provided. Table 1 lists the names of the peptides and their corresponding sequences. Table 2 lists the parameters. The abstract of our work is the following: We estimate the binding free energy between peptides and an MHC class II molecule using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with Weighted Histogram Analysis Method (WHAM). We show that, owing to its more thorough sampling in the available computational time, the binding free energy obtained by pulling the whole peptide using a coarse-grained (CG) force field (MARTINI) is less prone to significant error induced by biased-sampling than using an atomistic force field (AMBER). We further demonstrate that using CG MD to pull 3-4 residue peptide segments while leaving the remain-ing peptide segments in the binding groove and adding up the binding free energies of all peptide segments gives robust binding free energy estimations, which are in good agreement with the experimentally measured binding affinities for the peptide sequences studied. Our approach thus provides a promising and computationally efficient way to rapidly and relia-bly estimate the binding free energy between an arbitrary peptide and an MHC class II molecule.
  • Growth factor signaling to mTORC1 by amino acid–laden macropinosomes

    Creator: Yoshida, Sei and Swanson, Joel A
    Description: The rapid activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex-1 (mTORC1) by growth factors is increased by extracellular amino acids through yet-undefined mechanisms of amino acid transfer into endolysosomes. Because the endocytic process of macropinocytosis concentrates extracellular solutes into endolysosomes and is increased in cells stimulated by growth factors or tumor-promoting phorbol esters, we analyzed its role in amino acid–dependent activation of mTORC1. Here, we show that growth factor-dependent activation of mTORC1 by amino acids, but not glucose, requires macropinocytosis. In murine bone marrow–derived macrophages and murine embryonic fibroblasts stimulated with their cognate growth factors or with phorbol myristate acetate, activation of mTORC1 required an Akt-independent vesicular pathway of amino acid delivery into endolysosomes, mediated by the actin cytoskeleton. Macropinocytosis delivered small, fluorescent fluid-phase solutes into endolysosomes sufficiently fast to explain growth factor–mediated signaling by amino acids. Therefore, the amino acid–laden macropinosome is an essential and discrete unit of growth factor receptor signaling to mTORC1
  • Neighborhood Effects: Food Environment

    Creator: Data Driven Detroit, Gomez-Lopez, Iris N., Goodspeed, Robert, Okullo, Dolorence, Veinot, Tiffany C., and Yan, Xiang (Jacob)
    Description: The food environment is: 1) The physical presence of food that affects a person’s diet; 2) A person’s proximity to food store locations; 3) The distribution of food stores, food service, and any physical entity by which food may be obtained; or 4) A connected system that allows access to food. (Source: Data included here concern: 1) Food access; and 2) Liquor access. Spatial Coverage for most data: 10-county Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor Combined Statistical Area, Michigan, USA. See exception for grocery store data below.
  • Dataset for Understanding the benefit, risk and cost relationship for patients in the emergency department

    Creator: Meurer, William
    Description: Full analytical dataset with labels in SPSS
  • ENVIREM: ENVIronmental Rasters for Ecological Modeling version 1.0

    Creator: Jordan B. Bemmels and Pascal O. Title
    Description: The ENVIREM dataset v1.0 is a set of 16 climatic and 2 topographic variables that can be used in modeling species' distributions. The strengths of this dataset include their close ties to ecological processes, and their availability at a global scale, at several spatial resolutions, and for several time periods. The underlying temperature and precipitation data that went into their construction comes from the WorldClim dataset (, and the solar radiation data comes from the Consortium for Spatial Information ( The data are compatible with and expand the set of variables from WorldClim v1.4 ( For more information, please visit the project website:
  • Data and code files for Bing and Wittkopp MBE submission 11/22/16

    Creator: Yang, Bing and Wittkopp, Patricia J
    Description: Datafiles and code described in accompanying MS, currently in review
  • Effects of Age-Associated Regional Changes in Aortic Stiffness on Human Hemodynamics Revealed by Computational Modeling

    Creator: Figueroa, C. Alberto
    Description: Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the aorta of a 30 yo healthy volunteer, segmented and discretized using the software CRIMSON ( Additionally, models corresponding to virtually-aged aortic geometries at ages: 40, 60, and 75.
  • Michigan Indoor Corridor Dataset

    Creator: Tsai, Grace and Kuipers, Benjamin
    Description: ******Michigan Indoor Corridor 2012 Dataset****** This dataset is made available for research purpose only. Please contact Grace Tsai( for any questions or comments. This dataset was used to produce the results in our IROS 2012 paper. If you use the data, please cite the following reference in your publications related to this work: Grace Tsai and Benjamin Kuipers Dynamic Visual Understanding of the Local Environment for an Indoor Navigating Robot International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS'12) October 2012 The dataset contains 4 video sequences acquired with camera mounted on a wheeled vehicle. The camera was set-up so that there was zero tilt and roll angle with respect to the ground. The camera has a fixed height (0.47 m) with the ground throughout the video. The intrinsic parameters of the cameras are: Focal length fc = [ 1389.182714 1394.598277 ] Principal point cc = [ 672.605430 387.235803 ] The distortion of the camera has been corrected. For each video sequences, an estimated camera pose in each frame of the video is provided in the file pose.txt. Each line in the file looks like: <frame index> <x (pose)> <y (pose)> <theta (pose)> Note the camera poses provided here are estimated by using an occupancy grid mapping algorithm with a laser range finder to obtain the robot pose. The dataset provides a ground truth labeling for all the pixels every 10 frames for each video. The labels of each frame is stored as a 2D matrix in a .mat file. The filename of each .mat file corresponds to the image frame. The labels can be interpreted as followed: -2 -> ceiling plane -1 -> ground plane >0 -> walls The labels of the walls are illustrated in a .pdf figure. Note the figure is only a illustration graph, not an actual floor plan.
  • Pre-Hospital Midazolam for Treatment of Status Epilepticus Before and After the Rapid Anticonvulsant Medication Prior to Arrival Trial (RAMPART): A National Observational Cohort Study

    Creator: Shtull-Leber, Eytan
    Description: We present the SAS code used to conduct the data manipulation and analysis for our research on pre-hopsitla midazolam use before and after RAMPART.
  • Data Supplement: Self-Confirming Price-Prediction Strategies for Simultaneous One-Shot Auctions

    Creator: Wellman, Michael P.
    Description: For each game: - file in JSON format with raw payoff data - text file with game-theoretic analysis results
  • Neighborhood Effects : Community Characteristics and Health in Metropolitan Detroit

    Creator: Yan, Xiang (Jacob), Veinot, Tiffany C, Data Driven Detroit, Clarke, Phillipa J., Goodspeed, Robert, Gomez-Lopez, Iris N., and Okullo, Dolorence
    Description: This collection was produced as part of the project, “A ‘Big Data’ Approach to Understanding Neighborhood Effects in Chronic Illness Disparities.” The Investigators for the project are Tiffany Veinot, Veronica Berrocal, Phillipa Clarke, Robert Goodspeed, Daniel Romero, and VG Vinod Vydiswaran from the University of Michigan. The study took place from 2015-2016, with funding from the University of Michigan’s Social Sciences Annual Institute, MCubed, and the Sloan and Moore Foundations. Contact: Tiffany Veinot, MLS, PhD Office: 3443 North Quad Phone: 734/615-8281 Email:
  • Neighborhood Effects Active Living Resources

    Creator: Data Driven Detroit, Reference USA, City of Detroit, Veinot, Tiffany C., and ESRI
    Description: Active living resources include spaces and organizations that facilitate physical activity, including 1) park land, 2) recreation areas (including parks, golf courses, amusement parks, beaches and other recreational landmarks); and 3) recreation centers (including gyms, dancing instruction, martial arts instruction, bowling centers, yoga instruction, sports clubs, fitness programs, golf course, pilates instruction, personal trainers, swimming pools, skating rinks, etc.) Coverage for all data: 10-county Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor Combined Statistical Area.
  • Neighborhood Effects: Social Environment

    Creator: Data-Driven Detroit, Goodspeed, Robert, Okullo, Dolorence, State of Michigan Department of Elections, Veinot, Tiffany C., Yan, Xiang, and Reference U.S.A.
    Description: The Social Environment refers to characteristics of the people and institutions in a census tract, including: 1) Religious organizations (churches and places of worship); and 2) Voter turnout for the 2012 Presidential Election. Coverage for all data: 10-county Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor Combined Statistical Area.
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix8

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Inverse PCR and genome-walking data.
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix7

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Linkage plots and data for mi2004 mutants.
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix6

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Pathway data from mi2004 mutants.
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix5

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Gene ontology data from mi2004 mutants
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix4

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Differential expression data and genes in linked peaks in mi2004 mutants.
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix3

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Pathway data for zebrafish regeneration and mouse degeneration models.
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix2

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Gene ontology data from zebrafish regeneration and mouse degeneration models.
  • Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model, Appendix1

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Differential expression data from zebrafish regeneration and mouse degeneration models.
  • Appendices for "Regulation of Müller Stem Cell Properties: Insights From a Zebrafish Model"

    Creator: Sifuentes, Christopher J
    Description: Appendix1: Differential expression data for zebrafish regeneration and mouse degeneration models. Appendix2: Gene ontology data for zebrafish regeneration and mouse degeneration models. Appendix3: Pathway data for zebrafish regeneration and mouse degeneration models. Appendix4: Differential expression data and genes within linked peaks for mi2004 mutants. Appendix5: Gene ontology data for mi2004 mutants. Appendix6: Pathway data for mi2004 mutants. Appendix7: Linkage plots for mi2004 mutants. Appendix8: Inverse PCR and genome-walking data.
  • Data files for manuscript: "Regulation of STAT5-directed CD4+ T cell lineage commitment by the histone acetyltransferase Myst1"

    Creator: William F. Carson IV
    Description: Transcriptional accessibility of chromatin is central to guiding CD4+ T cell function through regulation of lineage specific gene expression. Myst1 is a histone acetyltransferase responsible for acetylation of the protein tail of histone 4 at lysine residue 16 (H416ac), resulting in increased transcriptional accessibility and activation of gene transcription. Previous studies have described a role for Myst1 in governing lymphocyte development in the thymus, however the role of Myst1 and H4K16ac in guiding activation of peripheral CD4+ T cells has not been studied. Activation of human and murine CD4+ T cells resulted in upregulation of Myst1 expression, and deletion of Myst1 resulted in changes in proliferative responses to both polyclonal stimulus and exogenous cytokines. Myst1-deficient T cells also exhibited modulations in lineage commitment, with decreased function in TH1/TH2 skewing conditions and increased function in response to TH17-promoting conditions. Regulation of Myst1 function in CD4+ T cells appears governed at least in part by STAT5, as Myst1 expression is regulated by STAT5 expression and DNA binding, and modulations in H4K16ac in Myst1-deficient CD4+ T cells is observable at sites in the promoter regions of lineage specific genes following skewing to the TH1 or TH2 lineage in vitro. Taken together, these results indicate an important role for the STAT5-Myst1 epigenetic axis in governing the activation and effector function of CD4+ T cells.

    Creator: Carson, William F. IV
    Description: Data files pertaining to the manuscript entitled: "THE STAT4/MLL1 EPIGENETIC AXIS REGULATES THE ANTIMICROBIAL FUNCTIONS OF MURINE MACROPHAGES"
  • mTURK diagnostic testing dataset May 2015

    Creator: Jon Porath, Arjun Meka, and William J. Meurer
    Description: Introduction: Diagnostic testing is common in the emergency department. The value of some testing is questionable. The purpose of this study was to assess how varying levels of benefit, risk, and costs influenced an individual’s desire to have diagnostic testing. Methods: A survey through Amazon Mechanical Turk presented hypothetical clinical situations: low risk chest pain and minor traumatic brain injury. Each scenario included three given variables (benefit, risk, and cost), that was independently randomly varied over four possible values (0.1%, 1%, 5%, 10% for benefit and risk and $0, $100, $500, and $1000 for the individual’s personal cost for receiving the test). Benefit was defined as the probability of finding the target disease (traumatic intracranial hemorrhage or acute coronary syndrome). Results: A total of 1000 unique respondents completed the survey. Increasing benefit from 0.1% to 10%, the percent of respondents who accepted a diagnostic test went from 28.4% to 53.1%. [OR: 3.42 (2.57-4.54)] As risk increased from 0.1% to 10%, this number decreased from 52.5% to 28.5%. [OR: 0.33 (0.25-0.44)] Increasing cost from $0 to $1000 had the greatest change of those accepting the test from 61.1% to 21.4%, respectively. [OR: 0.15 (0.11-0.2)] Conclusions: The desire for testing was strongly sensitive to the benefits, risks and costs. Many participants wanted a test when there was no added cost, regardless of benefit or risk levels, but far fewer elected to receive the test as cost increased incrementally. This suggests that out of pocket costs may deter patients from undergoing diagnostic testing with low potential benefit.
  • Preterm Birth Collection Contents

    Creator: Anna Cronenwett
    Description: Contains the names of the files in the collection Preterm Birth: two papers, their data files, and codebook .
  • Mycoplasma, Bacterial Vaginosis Associated Bacteria BVAB3, Race, and Risk of Preterm Birth in a High Risk Cohort

    Creator: John Owen, Deborah A. Wing, Deborah Goldberg, Usha Srinivasan, Betsy Foxman, Carl F. Marrs, Ai Wen, and Dawn Misra
    Description: OBJECTIVE—Genital tract infection accounts for ~ 25–40% of all pre-term births. We sought to assess the relationship between preterm birth and selected vaginal bacterial taxa associated with preterm birth either directly or through their association with bacterial vaginosis (BV). STUDY DESIGN—Vaginal fluid for Gram stain was collected between 17 and 22 weeks gestation as part of a randomized trial of ultrasound-indicated cerclage for preterm birth prevention in women at high risk for recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. Bacterial DNA was extracted from the Gram stain slides and analyzed using quantitative PCR. RESULTS—Among the 499 participants, Mycoplasma was positively correlated with increased risk of preterm (RR = 1.83; 95% CI: 1.52,2.22) as was Mobiluncus (RR=1.36; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.73) and Atopobium (RR=1.44; 95% CI: 1.1, 1.87). However, there were strong interactions between race/ethnic group and the presence of these and other individual taxa on risk of preterm birth. By contrast, BVAB3 was consistently associated with a reduction in risk of preterm birth for all racial/ethnic groups (0.55; 95%CI: 0.39, 0.78). CONCLUSIONS—BV is characterized by a reduction of Lactobacillus, and lactic acid producing bacteria and the presence of Mobiluncus; we found these factors and presence of Mycoplasma to be associated with increased risk of preterm birth. By contrast, the presence of a recently identified organism sufficient to cause BV, BVAB3, decreased risk of preterm birth. These findings give insight into why treating BV has mixed impact on risk of preterm birth.
  • Selected Vaginal Bacteria and Risk of Preterm Birth: An Ecological Perspective

    Creator: John Owen, Kadija Abbas, Ai Wen, Sreelatha Ponnaluri, Arianna Miles-Jay, Deborah Goldberg, Usha Srinivasan, Betsy Foxman, Brigette Bucholz, Dawn Misra, Deborah A. Wing, and Carl F. Marrs
    Description: We examined the community ecology of vaginal microbial samples taken from pregnant women with previous preterm birth experience to investigate whether targeted pathogenic and commensal bacteria are related to risk of preterm birth in the current pregnancy. We found a significant correlation between the community structure of selected bacteria and birth outcome, but the correlation differed among self-reported racial/ethnic groups. Using a community ordination analysis, we observed infrequent co-occurrence of Mycoplasma and bacteria vaginosis associated bacteria 3 (BVAB3) among black and Hispanic participants. In addition, we found that the vaginal bacteria responded differently in different racial/ethnic groups to modifications of maternal behavioral (ie, douching and smoking) and biological traits (ie, body mass index [BMI]). Even after accounting for these maternal behaviors and traits, the selected vaginal bacteria was significantly associated with preterm birth among black and Hispanic participants. By contrast, white participants did not exhibit significant correlation between microbial community and birth outcome. Findings from this study affirm the necessity of considering women’s race/ethnicity when evaluating the correlation between vaginal bacteria and preterm birth. The study also illustrates the importance of studying the vaginal microbiota from an ecological perspective, and demonstrates the power of ecological community analysis to improve understanding of infectious disease.
  • SAS data file after combine

    Creator: Ai Wen U Michigan
    Description: This is the SAS data output using the SAS code ""
  • Excel file after combine

    Creator: Ai Wen U Michigan
    Description: This is the excel output using the SAS code ""
  • PTB post-randomization shorteest cerclage measurement

    Creator: John Owens U Alabama
    Description: This is the post-randomization shortest cerclage measurement of each participant who entered the randomization (which means their cerclage measurement was less than 25mm at one of the visits). The data were provided by John Owens from U Alabama. No codebook was associated with it.
  • PTB demographic and visit data

    Creator: Ai Wen U Michigan
    Description: This is the clinical data and vaginal measurement data U of Alabama provided. The column names are fairly self-explanatory. There was not an original data codebook associated with it. There has been some email exchanges to clarify several variables, which is recorded in the Word file "cerclage_owenscodebook.doc".
  • PTB microbial data

    Creator: Usha Srinivasan U Michigan
    Description: This is the bacterial DNA data extracted from the gram stain slides. The targeted bacteria genera and species include: Atopobium spp., bacterial vaginosis-associated bacterium (BVAB) types 1, 2 and 3 in the order Clostridiales, Escherichia coli, Gardnerella vaginalis, Group B Streptococcus, Lactobacillus spp., Mobiluncus spp., Mycoplasma spp., and Ureaplasma spp. We also used a primer set for Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) that includes lactic acid producing bacteria of the genera Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, Leuconostoc, and Weissella. We calculated the relative proportion of each bacterial taxon using the bacterial copies measured by each specific bacteria primer divided by the total bacterial copies. The limit of detection was 100 copies and readings lower than the limit were considered negative
  • Preterm Birth

    Creator: Betsy Foxman
  • SAS code combines demographic and microbial data

    Creator: Ai Wen U Michigan
    Description: This is the SAS code that Ai Wen at U Michigan created to combine the clinical, cervical and microbiological data of each participant. The files were combined based on participants' screening number
  • Citations to Open and Closed Access Articles: Treatment and Control Group Data

    Creator: Ottaviani, Jim
    Description: This random sample of OA articles comes from Deep Blue <>, the University of Michigan’s institutional repository service. Each OA article has the following characteristics: Prior to a known date (ranging from 2006 to the 2013) these articles—the final published version—were only available by subscription. After that date, they became freely available via Deep Blue. Meanwhile, other articles from the same journal issue as the now-OA article continued to only be available to subscribers. None of the OA articles were self-selected; authors did not choose to deposit the articles in question in Deep Blue, since we made them open via blanket licensing agreements between the publishers and the library.
  • Code and Results for "The Emergence of Group and Inequality Through Co-adaptation

    Creator: Jon Atwell
    Description: The data file is json formatted and all fields are named descriptively. The code is written in Python 2.7 and is heavily commented.
  • Data for "The Coda of the Transient Response in a Sensitive Cochlea"

    Creator: Karl Grosh and Yizeng Li
    Description: In a sensitive cochlea, the basilar membrane response to transient excitation of any kind--normal acoustic or artificial intracochlear excitation--consists of not only a primary impulse but also a coda of delayed secondary responses with varying amplitudes but similar spectral content around the characteristic frequency of the measurement location. The coda, sometimes referred to as echoes or ringing, has been described as a form of local, short term memory which may influence the ability of the auditory system to detect gaps in an acoustic stimulus such as speech. Depending on the individual cochlea, the temporal gap between the primary impulse and the following coda ranges from once to thrice the group delay of the primary impulse (the group delay of the primary impulse is on the order of a few hundred microseconds). The coda is physiologically vulnerable, disappearing when the cochlea is compromised even slightly. The multicomponent sensitive response is not yet completely understood. We use a physiologically-based, mathematical model to investigate (i) the generation of the primary impulse response and the dependence of the group delay on the various stimulation methods, (ii) the effect of spatial perturbations in the properties of mechanically sensitive ion channels on the generation and separation of delayed secondary responses. The model suggests that the presence of the secondary responses depends on the wavenumber content of a perturbation and the activity level of the cochlea. In addition, the model shows that the varying temporal gaps between adjacent coda seen in experiments depend on the individual profiles of perturbations. Implications for non-invasive cochlear diagnosis are also discussed.
  • Bangime audio 2015 text 04 Hunters part 2

    Creator: Jeffrey Heath and Adama Dicko
    Description: transcriptions and translation to appear; second of two parts of this text
  • Bangime audio 2015 text 04 Hunters part 1

    Creator: Jeffrey Heath and Adama Dicko
    Description: translation/translation to appear.
  • Bangime audio 2015 text 03 politics

    Creator: Jeffrey Heath and Adama Dicko
    Description: transcription/translation to appear.
  • Bangime audio 2015 text 02 Chief and Pauper

    Creator: Jeffrey Heath and Adama Dicko
    Description: translation/transcription to appear
  • Bangime audio 2015 text 01 Condolences

    Creator: Jeffrey Heath and Adama Dicko
    Description: transcription/translation to appear
  • Bangime language (Mali) audio files

    Creator: Jeffrey Heath
    Description: Audio files for Bangime language (genetic isolate, eastern Mali)
  • Statistics and Visualization of Point-Patterns

    Creator: Hu, Weifeng and Stoev, Stilian
    Description: Many data sets come as point patterns of the form (longitude, latitude, time, magnitude). The examples of data sets in this format includes tornado events, origins/destination of internet flows, earthquakes, terrorist attacks and etc. It is difficult to visualize the data with simple plotting. This research project studies and implements non-parametric kernel smoothing in Python as a way of visualizing the intensity of point patterns in space and time. A two-dimensional grid M with size mx, my is used to store the calculation result for the kernel smoothing of each grid points. The heat-map in Python then uses the grid to plot the resulting images on a map where the resolution is determined by mx and my. The resulting images also depend on a spatial and a temporal smoothing parameters, which control the resolution (smoothness) of the figure. The Python code is applied to visualize over 56,000 tornado landings in the continental U.S. from the period 1950 - 2014. The magnitudes of the tornado are based on Fujita scale.
  • The Observation and Simulation Dataset for The Response of the Coupled Magnetosphere-Ionosphere System to the 15 August 2015 Solar Wind Dynamic Pressure Enhancement

    Creator: Dogacan Su Ozturk
    Description: The rapid increases in solar wind dynamic pressure, termed sudden impulses (SIs), compress Earth’s dayside magnetosphere and strongly perturb the coupled Magnetosphere-Ionosphere (M-I) system. The compression of the dayside magnetosphere launches magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves, which propagate down to the ionosphere, changing the Auroral Field Aligned Currents (FACs), and into nightside magnetosphere. The global response to the compression front sweeping through the coupled system is not yet fully understood due to the sparseness of the measurements, especially those with the necessary time resolution to resolve the propagating disturbances. That’s why a study including modeling is necessary. On 15 August 2015 at 7.44 UT, Advanced Composition Explorer measured a sudden increase in the solar wind dynamic pressure from 1.11 nPa to 2.55 nPa as shown in Figure-1. We use the magnetospheric spacecraft in the equatorial magnetosphere to identify the signatures of magnetosphere response to this SI event and examine the interaction of the propagating disturbances with the M-I system. With the increased time resolution of Active Magnetosphere and Polar Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE), the FAC pattern and intensity change due to SI can also be studied in more depth. We further use measurements from ground based magnetometer stations to increase our tracking capability for the disturbances in the ionosphere and to improve our understanding of their propagation characteristics. This is the first step in a comprehensive multi-point observation and a global magnetohydrodynamic simulation based investigation of the response of the coupled M-I system to sudden impulses.
  • Raw Data - CCL2 enhances macrophage inflammatory responses via miR-9 mediated downregulation of the ERK1/2 phosphatase Dusp6

    Creator: Carson IV, William F.
    Description: Raw data and analysis files for the figures corresponding to the manuscript submission entitled "CCL2 enhances macrophage inflammatory responses via miR-9 mediated downregulation of the ERK1/2 phosphatase Dusp6"
  • Small Female Pelvis Geometry Model

    Creator: Jonathan D. Rupp, Katelyn F. Klein, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, and Matthew P. Reed
    Description: The files include an Excel file with the x-, y-, and z- coordinates that make up the nodal coordinates for a surface model of small (5th percentle) female pelvis geometry, the finite element model (.k file) that represents the nodal coordinates, and two surface files that represent the geometry (.obj and .ply).
  • The Arrival Fallacy: Collaborative Research Relationships in the Digital Humanities

    Creator: Alix Keener
    Description: As discussion and debates on the digital humanities continue among scholars, so too does discussion about how academic libraries can and should support this scholarship. Through interviews with digital humanities scholars and academic librarians within the Center for Institutional Cooperation, this study aims to explore some points of common perspective and underlying tensions in research relationships. Qualitative interviews revealed that, while both groups are enthusiastic about the future of faculty-librarian collaboration on digital scholarship, there remain certain tensions about the role of the library and the librarian. Scholars appreciate the specialized expertise of librarians, especially in metadata and special collections, but they can take a more active stance in utilizing current library resources or vocalizing their needs for other resources. This expertise and these services can be leveraged to make the library an active and equal partner in research. Additionally, libraries should address internal issues, such as training and re-skilling librarians as necessary; better-coordinated outreach to academic departments is also needed.
  • The Bird's Ear View of Space Physics: Audification as a Tool for the Spectral Analysis of Time Series Data

    Creator: Zurbuchen, Thomas H.
    Description: Audification Routines in MATLAB and IDL
  • Evans Old Field Plant Database, 1948-1997

    Creator: Dr. Francis C. Evans
    Description: The Evans Old Field Plant Database contains FileMaker and Excel files of data collected by Dr. Francis C. Evans during a 50-year study on successional change on Evans Old Field on the Edwin S. George Reserve. Data include plant phenology, location, and abundances observed from 1948 to 1997.
  • Unused Pharmaceutical Disposal Model

    Creator: Skerlos, Steven J.
    Description: Supporting Information for research article "Life cycle comparison of environmental emissions from three disposal options for unused pharmaceutical". This spreadsheet provides the calculations and values used for this study; please refer to the manuscript and supporting information (as text) available at for details about how to use this spreadsheet. We use life cycle assessment methodology to compare three disposal options for unused pharmaceuticals: (i) incineration after take-back to a pharmacy, (ii) wastewater treatment after toilet disposal, and (iii) landfilling or incineration after trash disposal. For each option, emissions of active pharmaceutical ingredients to the environment (API emissions) are estimated along with nine other types of emissions to air and water (non-API emissions). Under a scenario with 50% take-back to a pharmacy and 50% trash disposal, current API emissions are expected to be reduced by 93%. This is within 6% of a 100% trash disposal scenario, which achieves an 88% reduction. The 50% take-back scenario achieves a modest reduction in API emissions over a 100% trash scenario while increasing most non-API emissions by over 300%. If the 50% of unused pharmaceuticals not taken-back are toileted instead of trashed, all emissions increase relative to 100% trash disposal. Evidence suggests that 50% participation in take-back programs could be an upper bound. As a result, we recommend trash disposal for unused pharmaceuticals. A 100% trash disposal program would have similar API emissions to a take-back program with 50% participation, while also having significantly lower non-API emissions, lower financial costs, higher convenience, and higher compliance rates.